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Portrait Of Maria Ivanovna Lopukhina

Painting, 1797, 72×53.5 cm

Description of the artwork «Portrait Of Maria Ivanovna Lopukhina»

Many critics agree that "Portrait Of Maria Lopukhina" – the top of the sentimentalism in Russian painting.

Painting Vladimir Lukich Borovikovsky represents an amazing example of the coherence between man and nature. It seems that nature is a part of soul of a woman, and she – part of the world. Blue cornflowers in common with the belt color on the dress, the fresh blush on the cheeks of a young woman is the antithesis of fading roses, casually dangling hand in harmony with your the ears. All these repetitions, contradictions, and rhythmic connections form a single unit. Portrait and landscape background smoothly into one another.

The Innovation Of Vladimir Lukich Borovikovsky

With this painting Vladimir Lukich Borovikovsky began a new stage in Russian portraiture. For the first time, we see how elements of the landscape and no interior highlight, and shade shows the way the emphasis is not on social significance or status of the heroine and not even her looks as such, but on the intimate side of nature, the deep movements of the soul of the woman depicted.

This, of course, can capture the influence of English sentimentalism. First and foremost, at Vladimir Borovikovsky influenced paintings Angelica Kauffman. The German artist studied art in England and was very popular in those years in Russia. She V. L. Borovikovsky and adopted the manner of use of landscape motifs in the portrait. Catherine II acquired some pictures Kaufman, written explanation of the "Sentimental journey" by Lawrence Sterne. For example, "Crazy Mary" and is now kept in the Hermitage.

Mystery Of "Portrait Of Maria Lopukhina"

The image of the fading roses in the painting is interpreted as a symbol of the transience of female beauty. In the case of Lopukhina this symbolism became evident.

Maria comes from a noble family, she is the eldest child in the family (it was still four sisters and two brothers). The father Ivan Andreyevich Tolstoy was fond of mysticism, and was considered a master of the Masonic Lodge that will in the future make a significant contribution to the rumors about the portrait of Vladimir Borovikovsky. Maria Lopukhina, by the way, is a distant kinship with Leo Tolstoy – famous writer have her great-nephew.

Maria, 18-year-old girl, parental collusion, as often happened in those years, was married to Stepan Lopukhin, valid Chamberlain at the court of Paul I. the Husband was 10 years older. The portrait, painted by Vladimir Borovikovsky, was his first gift to his young wife.

The parents conclude marriage is not always able to ensure family happiness. Maria Lopukhina is not provided, and even the portrait was not destined to become a happy talisman. Real intimacy with her husband, Mary did not work, and at the age of 23 years she died from a terminal at the time of consumption. Although later, the poet Yakov Polonsky writes about the film and its heroine: "But the beauty of its Borovikovsky saved" – in those years with him would hardly have agreed. After all, in Moscow swept a sinister rumor that is responsible for the death... Lopukhina portrait!

Superstition says that if a young girl looks at a picture close to, you will certainly soon die. According to some, the portrait attributed the deaths of ten young ladies of marriageable age. In a deep whisper, the citizens told each other rumors: they say that Mary's father was lured into the painting spirit of the dead daughter, and now he steals the lives of young women who dare to approach the portrait.

Niece of Maria Lopukhina Praskovya Thick not afraid of these stories and took the picture home. Later she married the Moscow Governor Perfil. Pavel Tretyakov saw the picture they have in the house, wished to purchase it for his gallery, and he did it.

Author: Alain Esaulova
from 1450 rub
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About the artwork

Art form: Painting

Subject and objects: Portrait

Technique: Oil

Materials: Canvas

Date of creation: 1797

Size: 72×53.5 cm

Artwork in selections: 43 selections

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