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Friedensreich
Hundertwasser
Austria 
1928−2000
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Friedensreich Hundertwasser (German: Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser, December 15, 1928, Vienna, Austria - February 19, 2000, liner Queen Elizabeth 2, Pacific Ocean) - Austrian architect and artist, who created and designed many very unusual buildings around the world. At birth, he received the name Friedrich Shtowasser, but during his life he used different names and became famous as Friedensreich Hundertwasser. For the first time the talent of the young Frederick was noticed when he studied at the Montessori school in Vienna. The boy lost his father very early, and his mother Elsa was Jewish, and they miraculously managed to avoid persecution by the Nazi regime. It is quite ironic that in 1945 Friedrich entered the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, the very one that Adolf Hitler was not able to enter at the time.

However, Hundertwasser studied at the academy for only a few months, after which he went to travel around Europe and Asia. In a sense, Hundertwasser spent his whole life traveling, and even died on an ocean liner that was heading from New Zealand to Europe.

The first fame came to Hundertwasser in the early 1950s, when his first solo exhibition opened in Vienna. However, at about the same time, he realized that his main vocation was architecture. During this decade, he carried out several major architectural projects, including the famous Hundertwasser House in Vienna. However, he continued to travel a lot and took orders around the world. In the early 70s, Hundertwasser bought several buildings in New Zealand, where he lived until the end of his life. He was a passionate and committed defender of nature, spoke out against nuclear technology and environmental pollution, participated in demonstrations and even lectured naked. Hundertwasser said: “We are guests of nature. Behave accordingly. ”

Features creativity Friedensreich Hundertwasser: throughout his creative career, he advocated that people, even living in apartment buildings, should have the right to build housing in their own way. That is, to decorate your house, paint using any colors or patterns, or even scrape off the plaster to expose the brickwork. Hundertwasser was convinced that our homes are the third layer of our “skin” (the first two are the epidermis and clothes), and in each of them a person should feel comfortable. He often said that in the modern world we are surrounded by too many unnaturally straight lines, and therefore in his architectural projects most often used forms that are close to natural ones. For the first time Hundertwasser read his manifesto on the abandonment of straight lines and traditional architectural design in 1958. In both architecture and painting, Hundertwasser’s favorite form was the helix. In addition, he often used bizarre lines, mostly inspired by the works of Viennese secessionists, in particular, Gustav Klimt.

Famous works of Friedensreich Hundertwasser: Hundertwasser House, Forest Spiral, Green Citadel of Magdeburg, Maishima sludge center, Public toilet in Kawakawa.

Author: Evgeny Sidelnikov.
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