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Frescoes

1,191 artworks, 139 artists
Fresco (it. fresco — fresh), affresco is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid ("wet") lime plaster. In this case, the surface of the paint becomes smooth or grainy, and when dry, it forms a thin transparent film of calcium carbonate, which secures the applied layer and makes the artwork durable. To paint frescoes, artists use mineral paints, the palette of colours is not rich or bright, but the solution penetrates into the undercoat and creates a durable, wear-resistant image after hardening. Mural artists paint in large and sliding strokes to create the large-scale artworks and monumental wall paintings. Fresco has become inextricably associated with architecture.

Fresco painting appeared in Ancient Egypt and the Roman Empire, and it later sread to Greece and Byzantium. Medieval artists used the technique to decorate temples, palaces, and homes of the aristocrats. During the Renaissance, the art of wall painting experienced a rapid flourishing, and Italian artists created large-scale beautiful works on religious and mythological subjects. From the late 18th century, the fresco became a secular art, and it kept its decorative function until the middle of the 20th century.

The main advantage of fresco painting is in the durability of an image: in the 21st century, theart lovers can still admire the works of art that are thousands years old. The surface of the picture is matte, it does not give light glares, and the viewer can see gigantic works without distortion. Muted and soft shades make up the palette of the frescoes, and the image is light and airy. Wall painters use plaster, mineral pigments, water, tempera and glue. The technique does not allow detailing of an image, therefore, fresco paintings on religious, mythological, battle and everyday subjects are large-scale ones and they are classified as a type of monumental painting.

Famous frescoes:
The Last Judgment” 1408 by Andrei Rublev; “The Last Supper” 1498 by Leonardo da Vinci; The Sistine Chapel 1512 by Michelangelo Buonarroti; “The Baptism of Edwin” 1893 by Ford Madox Brown; “Party in the Country” 1947 by Tove Jansson.

Famous artists who worked in fresco technique:
Michelangelo Buonarroti, Tommaso Masaccio, Fra Beato Angelico, Rafaello Sanzio, Giorgione, Titian Vecellio.
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