Tatiana Nilovna Yablonskaya (24 Feb 1917, Smolensk – 17 June 2005, Kiev) – Soviet and Ukrainian artist, collected all the awards and held an enviable position, he taught at the Kiev art Academy. Each new artistic and stylistic search was primarily an independent and unique artist.
Features of works of artist Tatyana Yablonskaya: every new period in the long creative biography of the artist is never equal to the previous one. And each new-found artistic truth Yablonsky is extremely sincere: inspired by post-war reconstruction of the country, writes life-affirming huge paintings in the framework of socialist realism, in search of a new visual truth fond of Ukrainian folk decorative motives, having been in Italy, balances color and imaginative solutions impressed by the early Renaissance, takes on a special sight and learns to find all the major meanings of the world, looking at the world from the same window.
The famous painting by Tatiana Yablonskaya: "Bread", "Morning", "Evening. Old Florence", "Life goes on", "(Founder)", "Youth".
Two weeks Tatiana Yablonskaya lived with the king. The future artist was born amazing time to be a contemporary of all the complex history of the Soviet Union, to live and to survive it. The history of her life – yet no one has written anthology of limiting States of a Soviet artist to which from the all-Union glory to many years of opals one step, and back to fame exactly the same.
Yablonsky is a real Soviet artist is still in the trajectory of creativity. Where Western artists were creative pursuits and finding your own style – the Soviet artists were fatal mistakes and ideological confusion. Where Western artists were punished for daring ridicule and bad reviews, Soviet artist was paying often recognition, health and sometimes life. Therefore, the Soviet artist Tatyana Yablonska to find creative smooth and quiet finding his own artistic vision – every period of life begins with a specific, a watershed event. Live its life sometimes it is difficult to consider the attempts of critics and journalists all to perpetuate and turn into a monument. But the real Yablonskaya was one of the first women in Kiev wearing a pantsuit on the first State prize bought a motor boat and passionately loved to drive on his white Lada in the city.
1930. Night. Kamenetz-Podolsk. Yablonskii loaded onto a cart thing, seated three children and go into the woods. There is an appointment – they promised to help to leave the Soviet Union by sea. A long and agonizing wait, but no one appeared. Go home with all belongings and sleepy children. Scared that someone will notice their desperate comeback.
The parents of Tatiana Yablonska revolution was not accepted in Soviet school children gave the father taught them himself. To Odessa, and then in Kamenetz-Podolsk, close to the border, moved from Smolensk in the hope to emigrate. But emigration did not work – went to Lugansk. In any place and at any time of the year the house was pretty interesting: here published family magazine "Cricket", in which each author wrote and illustrated their part of the room each day the children drew still life and each other – with nature, buildings and landscapes that were seen during the walks. In December, all together and make Christmas toys, then firmly pull down the shades, put the tree up, lit candles and celebrated the New year and Christmas.
Neil Jablonski taught children art techniques – develop their feelings, teaching me to see the essence of things, the nature of man. When painted samovar, the father had to approach the figure, look carefully, and then say: "What are you so poorly attached handle, she'll disappear. Well faster customize, so you can see what he is made of".
In the Kiev National Academy of fine arts and architecture, say, is still preserved one of the first pictures of Tatiana Yablonskaya – how revealing. She was the first student in the history then the Art Institute, which staged a solo exhibition. Unprecedented success, first love, marriage, and waiting for their first child – a student Yablonsky had very much the beginning of the war. When she left in the evacuation, her thesis broke in pieces, and halts the window during the air raids.
1941. The farm village of Norka, Volga region. When the sisters of the artist Tatiana and Elena Yablonskii came here to the evacuation, the older Tatyana only recently first daughter was born, both young men went off to fight. "I mowed and baled, and hauled bags" - recalled the artist. Odnoselchanka painted with photo portraits of the dead husbands and sons - to other scenic exercise, do not remain neither time, nor forces.
And still in 1944, she returned to liberated Kiev and immediately became a teacher at the Art Institute. Return to at least prewar scenic skills cost Yablonskaya considerable effort and daily exercise, but quite easily given the joy of a peaceful life. The joy was vital to reviving the country, and therefore Jablonsky rewarded in full: was awarded two State prizes, placed reproductions "Bread" and "In the morning" in primer, a duty of every Soviet citizen since childhood to feel this joy of life and write about her essay. You could happily develop this theme indefinitely, as the breed of the endless deep of the mine. But after a few years Yablonska are bored to wave the same jackhammer.
Spring 1961. Apsha Village, Transcarpathian Region. Tatiana Yablonskaya with two artist friends travels to the Carpathians to seek "starovynna". Close to the border with Romania, and there are unexpected architecture and colorful costumes, ancient national images and motives. All of this has inspired a huge coup. Yablonsky in the next 10 years will be fascinated by the decorative Western art, believing that he had found a real foothold. Her closely in the color palette of the usual oil paints, she uses a typographic delight. But most of these pictures will have to hide in the workshop and with a shudder go through them, looking for something traditional to the arrival of the Commission from the Moscow Academy of arts.
One of the first paintings of the Transcarpathian cycle "Life goes on" Jablonsky for several years deprived of all their positions and opportunities to participate in exhibitions. And Deluxe edition, in which paintings of Tatiana Nilovna illustrated ballads of Ukrainian poet Ivan Drach, destroyed at the exit of the printing. Managed to save only 4 copies.
1972. Florence. Yablonsky rehabilitated very soon, in 5 years, will receive a third of the State prize, and until it was sent to the Venice Biennale. This whole calling vanguard absolutely not interested, but deeply shocked the paintings of the Italian masters of the early Renaissance. Decorative previous Hobbies people's images all the more like lifeless, so Italy was a powerful impetus for a new era, a Golden and harmonious. "Evening. Old Florence" one of the first turning works of this time.
1991. Kiev. These dates were actually two, but they worked for the same goal: to limit the space and expand perception. In 1991, Tatiana Yablonska a heart attack, she had difficulty walking, says the views from the Windows and from the balcony, flowers on the windowsill, portraits of daughters. Second date - 1999, after a stroke paralyzed the artist, refused the right hand and westerdale new view of the world. Tatiana Nilovna more silent, listens to poetry, which she reads daughter Gayaneand begins to paint with his left hand a small pastel sketches. In a wonderful contemplative film, Stanislaus, Suknenko about Tatiana Yablonska "Inspiration of solitude" has rare footage of the artist's work on one of these drawings. It's like a miracle.
PS On the last lifetime exhibition Yablonska she asked not to specify any of the regalia and titles, just Tatiana Yablonskaya. And a word about the fact that she was a winner of three State prizes and the gold medal of the Academy of arts, Hero of Ukraine, no word on that 1997 was declared by UNESCO the year Yablonskaya, and in 2000, Cambridge announced its Woman of the year. Because one pastel drawing of recent years is all this monumental list.
Paintings Yablonska Tatiana Nilovna and biography of the artist presented on the pages of the portal Archiv.
Author: Anna Sidelnikova