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Luke
Carlevaris

Italia 
1663−1729
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Italian painter of the Venetian school. From 1679 he lived and worked in Venice; 1685-1690's visited Rome, where he was influenced by works of J. Pannini and van Wittel, but a contemporary of the artist, the author of the dictionary of artists Pietro Guarienti (Abecedario pittorico.., 1753), was right to stress its independence: "it was an average painter, but he did not go here and there". Carlevaris was a highly educated man, Professor of mathematics. In a portrait painted by the Venetian artist B. Nazzari (Oxford, Museum Ashmolean) Carlevaris depicted with a compass, a globe, books dealing with science. With mathematical precision, he calculated the sizes of the depicted space, optical perspective, distribution of light and shadow, resorting to the help of a pinhole camera. Carlevaris earned the nickname Luke from Ka Zenobio, as his protector was a Venetian patron, Zenobia decorating Vedute artist his Palace. Works willingly bought and English tourists, among whom he also had patrons.

 

Constructed according to the laws of the stage space cityscapes bows Karlevarisa always closed architectural structures, overloaded with human figures. He liked to depict crowded scenes, inspired, apparently, by the works of the Roman masters bamboccianti. In the paintings of Piazzetta during carnival (Venice, private collection), the Entrance to the English Ambassador in the Doge's Palace (Birmingham Art Museum), Piazza San Marco (1720, Madrid, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza) inherent in the artist definition distributed-lit and shaded areas, which are placed in a separate group of people, balanced color stains costumes of the townspeople gathered in the square. But urban looks in his wadutah not like the stage backdrop, and as the landscape in which transmitted light and space.

 

More poetic Veduta of Karlevarisa with images of small Venetian squares (Campi and Campiello) and located on them the churches of Santa Maria Formosa, San moisè, Santa Maria dei Miracoli. They almost no figures, and picturesque churches are the main decoration of the quiet corners of Venice. Special charm have Veduta of Karlevarisa with the old medieval Bridge in Verona (Venice, private collection), Church bridge, Santa Maria della Salute (Hartford, Atheneum), here it introduces the background, as if comparing signs of the history and life of the modern city.

 

Edition prints made by optical camera pictures bows Karlevarisa taken by the Venetian Domenico Lovisa in 1703 (Le fabbriche di Venezia), had a significant influence on the development of Veduta in the XVIII century and the popularization of it in the etching.

 

Carlevaris have also created formal portraits of his patron the count Balbi and members of his family (Portrait of Caterina Balbi, Venice, CA ' Rezzonico). Daughter of L. Carlevaris Marianne Carlevaris (1703-1750) was a painter, a follower of R. Carrera and also painted portraits of the Balbi family (a Portrait of Cornelia Foscolo Balbi, Venice, Museo Correr), children's portraits in soft silver-blue and ashy colours.

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