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Mikhail
Ivanovich Terebenev

Russia 
1795−1864
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Academician, the artist's son, was born in 1795, he Studied at the Academy of arts in the class of portrait painting at government expense. While still a student of the Academy T. was awarded in 1810 the small and in 1812 a large silver medal for drawings from nature; in 1814 he received a gold medal for his painting on the topic: "Russian peasant wedding". In the same year he graduated from the Academy in the class of painting portraits and because of outstanding talents were left at the Academy, but in 1817 resigned from it. In 1824 he was elected to the designated academics for miniature painting. To compete for the title of academician has been "to write in miniature generational portrait sculpture of Professor D. Malinowski", which in 1831 was awarded the search titles.

Born into a family of craftsmen ornamental sculptures in wood by Ivan Terebenev E., brother of the sculptor and painter Ivan Ivanovich Terebenev. From 1803 he studied at the Imperial Academy of arts. Over the period of study was repeatedly awarded with medals: in 1810 — a small silver, in 1812 — a large silver (both for the drawings from nature), in 1815 — the big gold for the painting "Russian peasant wedding", which was purchased by Empress Maria Feodorovna. In the same year he received the diploma of the 1st degree to the title of the class artist, and left by the pensioner at the Academy until 1817 for excellence.

 

In 1824, presented to the Board of IAH "different miniature portraits of" recognized "designated" in academics. In 1830 a miniature "Portrait sculpture of Professor V. I. Demuth-Malinovsky" was awarded the title of academician.

 

In 1832-1857 taught at the Artillery engineering school in St. Petersburg. Wrote the image for the iconostasis of churches, particularly the Zion Cathedral in Tiflis (1837), Church of Peter and Paul hospital in St. Petersburg (1861) and others.

 

Terebenev — one of the most significant portraitists of the first half of the XIX century, most famous as a master of miniature and watercolor portrait. In the works followed the established tradition of the genre. As a rule, the artist chose the bust or waist picture (in children's portraits in the growth or generational), represented the model on a simple one-word background, is made easy hatch, paid great attention to the details of costume and accessories (decorations, ornaments), often inscribing the composition in an oval or square shape. Most of them are related to the types of chamber and polyparadigm portrait in which the artist strove not only to the disclosure of social status, but also mental qualities, the internal world models.

 

In early works (late 1810's- 1820's) he worked primarily as a miniaturist. He was influenced by romanticism. In the mid-1820's turned to watercolor portrait, initially using the more familiar miniature than watercolor technique. Most of his works of this period are executed on brown paper, black pencil in combination with watercolor mixed with white and gouache. The color density, the almost complete lack of transparency, some monotony composite solutions (half-length, EN face), give them a "wooden" rigidity and flatness. Later, the artist has overcome this constraint in the use of a rich specifics watercolors, his works of the 1830s-1840s possess a "live" expression, in some cases, are beautifully executed.

 

Terebenev works are in many Museum collections, including the State Tretyakov gallery, State Russian Museum, State Hermitage, the Pushkin Museum im. A. S. Pushkin and others.

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