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Jan van
Skorel

Netherlands 
1495−1552
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The representative of Romanism. Received an extensive humanistic education; studied painting in Utrecht with J. Gossart (1516). In 1518-24 traveled to Germany, Switzerland, Italy, visited Palestine, was the curator of ancient monuments of the Belvedere in Rome. The best works of C. distinguished by the sonority of color, poetic landscape backgrounds; S. also performed a series of realistic portraits ("Pilgrims to Jerusalem", the Central Museum, Utrecht; Museum Franz Hals, Haarlem).

Jan van Scorel was born in the village called Schoorl (Scorel Schoorl or), hence the nickname. First was studying for the priest, which has received an extensive humanist education.

Painting Scorel studied in Utrecht under Jan Gossart (1516). Before that, probably learned from J. Cornelia (Jacob Cornelisz) in Amsterdam.

From 1518 to 1524, the artist traveled to Germany, Switzerland and Italy. Personally knew of dürer, took lessons from him. Made a pilgrimage to Palestine. Back in 1521, in Rome, received an offer from Adrian VI, also a native of Utrecht, of the newly elected Pope, becoming court painter to the Vatican.

"Mary Magdalene" is a classic example of what happened finally symbiosis of the Northern Renaissance and the Italian Renaissance

In Rome Scorel held the position of conservator of monuments of the Belvedere (1522-1524) — antiquities collection of the Pope. (In this post it was preceded by Rafael). Wrote a portrait of the Pope (surviving image of this the Pontiff attributed to it Scorel, however, the quality is questionable). Adrian VI held this position long — only two years later, in 1524, he died. Apparently, in this regard, Scorel left Italy.

In 1524 he returned to Utrecht, where he was ordained. Becoming a Catholic priest, Scorel, however, continued to paint and keep painting workshop was a successful teacher. In 1550 he was entrusted with the restoration of the Ghent altarpiece by brothers Eiki.

Presumably, they took with them to Italy disciple Antoni Maura, which will be destined to become a famous portraitist. Another student Martin van Heemskerk (Maerten van Heemskerck).

In addition to painting, Scorel also wrote poetry, was a musician and Amateur archaeologist, architect and engineer is comprehensively gifted "Renaissance man".

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