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Louis jacks (FR. Louis Valtat, (1869 - 1952) – French post-impressionist artist, a prominent representative and one of the pioneers of Fauvism.
Louis jacks was born in 1869 in Dieppe. The family then prerelase to Versailles, where he was educated in the local school. He continued his art education at the School of fine arts, and then at the académie Julian (Académie Julian), where he met and became friends with albert andré and Pierre Bonnard. In 1890, he won the academic award Jauvin d ' Attainville, and in 1893 was first exhibited in the Salon of the independents (Salon des Artistes Indépendants). At the end of 1894, Jack with A. Tulusa-Lautrec did the sets for the theatre L'oeuvre. At the same time, his work (prints and paintings) were shown in the Salon des Cent. In 1895, the knave has written several paintings, which were then exhibited at the Salon of the independent in 1896, where they were noticed by the critic Felix Feneon mentioned in his article in the magazine "Revue Blanche". Stylistically, these works anticipated the nascent Fauvism, which the audience indignantly did not accept, both then and almost ten years later, at the Autumn Salon (Salon d'automne), 1905.
From the mid 1890s on due to bouts of tuberculosis most of the time Jack lived in the South of France (1897-1914). However, since the winter of 1897-98., he started the habit to spend the winter season in Agee, a small fishing village near San Rafael, and later in Onteora, ten kilometers from AGEIA. In March, 1899, Paul Signac organized a collective exhibition in the Gallery Durand-Ruel, where Jack presented twenty paintings under the General title of Notations d'agay, 1899. In 1900, Ambroise Vollard made with him (thanks to the advice of Renoir, with whom Jack was a friend) a contract for the purchase of all of his paintings over the next 10 years.
Living far from Paris, the then centre of European artistic life, the knave, however, "falling out theme" - Vollard sent his work to exhibitions, which were held both in Paris and outside France. So, the artist took part at the Brussels exhibition of La Libre Esthétique in 1900, where he presented the painting "Luxembourg garden" and "Boulevard Saint Michel". He was also presented at the exhibition Gebaüde der Secession in Vienna in 1903, in Dresden Kunst Salon Ersnt Arnold in 1906, at exhibitions in Berlin, Prague and Budapest, also at the Moscow exhibition of 1908, held in the Tretyakov Gallery, because of which the Russian collector Ivan Morozov bought the jacks (via Vollard) several of his paintings.
However, the most resonant during this period, no doubt, was the exhibition of 1905 at the Salon d'automne, where paintings of young artists called the fauvists (les fauves is French.: wild beasts - emotional characteristics of the critic Louis Vesela given to them under the impression from what he saw), has caused a storm of indignation of the French public and critics, who apparently believed that nothing "worse" impressionism, neo-impressionism and post-impressionism (which they somehow already reconciled).
In 1914 the knave returned to Paris, he settled on Avenue Wagram, where he had a Studio. During this period he drew inspiration, visiting the Bois de Boulogne (widespread kind motif of his work). In the spring and summer he loved to go on the North coast of Normandy for plein air work. In 1924, the artist bought a house in Choiseul (in the Chevreuse valley), where he spent most of the year. The famous garden (for creative effects similar to the famous garden of Monet in Giverny), divided by the artist near his home, has become a source of inspiration for many of his paintings, as well as flowers and fruits, which he cultivated. By the time Jack gained official recognition and in 1927 he received the title of Chevalier of the Legion of honor.
During the German invasion in 1940 and subsequent occupation, the jacks began to have serious problems with eyes (glaucoma), he rarely left his Studio on Avenue de Wagram, where he created his last work is dated 1948, he Died in 1952 in Paris.
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