Biography and informationEdit
cm Cesky Ivan
Fate of brothers Ical, famous Russian engravers, largely coincide. Come from peasant families, they fall in 1793 "by Imperial order" in St. Petersburg Academy of arts where they study the art of engraving from I. klaubera. After the organization in 1799 engraving-landscape class they transferred there as engravers. Here, under the guidance of SEM. Shchedrin together with other young artists (S. F. by Galaktionova, A. G. Ukhtomsky, I. D. by Telegony) they are working on a series of views of St. Petersburg and suburban palaces. In 1800, brothers Cal to receive the rank assigned: Kozma - engraving "view of the black sea fleet squadron", Ivan - "view of the Palace in Gatchina from the garden". In 1803 the brothers leave engraving landscape class, not breaking, however, ties with AH. A relatively small volume of the legacy of the older brothers, Kozma IC, is of high merit and thematic diversity. He worked in the classical technique of engraving on copper and aquatint. In 1811, he made the engravings for the Atlas of travels I. F. Kruzenshtern, for which the artist received the title of academician. Behind them master etched 8 illustrations to the Atlas of another famous Explorer - G. A. Sarychev, who in the 1780s-90s, he explored the coast of North-Eastern Siberia and the Aleutian Islands. In addition, Kozma Cal was transferred to the engraving of portraits (for example, count M. A. Miloradovich, 1800s), rural and urban landscapes ("View of the Alexander square in Poltava city", 1808, from the original of F. Y. Alexeev). However, the best among his works are undoubtedly engraved romantic views of the suburban Royal residences with original Sam. F. Shchedrin ("pil tower in Pavlovsk Park", 1803, etc.). Unfortunately, the artist's life was cut short in his Prime, and he did not have time to fully realize their talent.
Legacy of Ivan the IC is about 150 prints made, as a rule, from the originals of various artists in the technique of engraving on copper and the dotted line. These are landscapes (urban, rural, landscape), portraits, reproduction of famous paintings, engravings for books, and of printing on porcelain. The most famous are undoubtedly larger types of suburban Royal residences with original Sam. Shchedrin, referring to a series of works related to the activities of the engraving-landscape class: "Form of Cascade near Chalet in the garden city of Pavlovsk", "View of the fortress in Pavlovsk from the lake side, View of the Temple of friendship with the Cascade near the Chalet in the garden city of Pavlovsk" (all 1801-03), etc.