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Jan Adam
Cruzemann

Netherlands 
1804−1862
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Ian Adam Kruseman lived from 1819 to 1822 and from 1824 to 1851 in Amsterdam, where he studied with the famous artist Cornelis of Kruseman (1797 — 1857). He was 7 years older than second cousin Jan Adam Kruseman. From 1822 to 1824 Kruseman was in Brussels, where he studied with françois Joseph Naweza (1787 — 1869)and Jacques-Louis David (1748 — 1825). Back in Amsterdam he married Alida de Vries in 1826 they became the parents of nine children, of whom two died before reaching years. In 1836 the family increased with the arrival of Petrus Augustus de Genestet (1829 — 1861), who was left alone after the death of his mother, sisters, wife, Jan Adam Kruseman. De Genestet became the most popular poet of his generation.

Ian Adam Kruseman: Portrait of King Willem II (1792 — 1849) 1841

 

Ian Adam Kruseman was especially known for his portraits of rich noblemen and wealthy citizens. But he wrote members of the Dutch Royal family. It started with the posthumous portrait of Emperor Alexander I, who Kruseman wrote in 1933 by order of Adrian van der Hop, a wealthy amsterdammer, to give it the Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna (1795 — 1865), wife of Dutch crown Prince Willem II and the sister of Emperor Alexander I (This portrait is in the Stichting Historische Verzamelingen van het Huis van Oranje Nassau 's Gravenhage, Nederland). Good luck this picture has led to the fact that Kruseman could write in 1837, and the portrait of king Willem I and his son. When in 1840, after the abdication of his father, Willem II became king, Kruseman was immediately commissioned to write the official portrait. He wrote 6 more portraits of Willem II, and in 1852, three years after the death of the king, a portrait of his widow Anna Pavlovna (This portrait is in the Stichting Historische Verzamelingen van het Huis van Oranje Nassau 's Gravenhage, Nederland).

All portraits striking first is an amazing expression of the complacency of the characters, and secondly as skillfully written and detailed dresses and suits.

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