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Jan Adam
Cruzemann
Netherlands 
1804−1862
Biography and information
 

Ian Adam Kruseman lived from 1819 to 1822 and from 1824 to 1851 in Amsterdam, where he studied with the famous artist Cornelis of Kruseman (1797 — 1857). He was 7 years older than second cousin Jan Adam Kruseman. From 1822 to 1824 Kruseman was in Brussels, where he studied with françois Joseph Naweza (1787 — 1869) and Jacques-Louis David (1748 — 1825). Back in Amsterdam he married Alida de Vries in 1826 they became the parents of nine children, of whom two died before reaching years. In 1836 the family increased with the arrival of Petrus Augustus de Genestet (1829 — 1861), who was left alone after the death of his mother, sisters, wife, Jan Adam Kruseman. De Genestet became the most popular poet of his generation.

Ian Adam Kruseman: Portrait of King Willem II (1792 — 1849) 1841

Ian Adam Kruseman was especially known for his portraits of rich noblemen and wealthy citizens. But he wrote members of the Dutch Royal family. It started with the posthumous portrait of Emperor Alexander I, who Kruseman wrote in 1933 by order of Adrian van der Hop, a wealthy amsterdammer, to give it the Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna (1795 — 1865), wife of Dutch crown Prince Willem II and the sister of Emperor Alexander I (This portrait is in the Stichting Historische Verzamelingen van het Huis van Oranje Nassau 's Gravenhage, Nederland). Good luck this picture has led to the fact that Kruseman could write in 1837, and the portrait of king Willem I and his son. When in 1840, after the abdication of his father, Willem II became king, Kruseman was immediately commissioned to write the official portrait. He wrote 6 more portraits of Willem II, and in 1852, three years after the death of the king, a portrait of his widow Anna Pavlovna (This portrait is in the Stichting Historische Verzamelingen van het Huis van Oranje Nassau 's Gravenhage, Nederland).

All portraits striking first is an amazing expression of the complacency of the characters, and secondly as skillfully written and detailed dresses and suits.

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Jan Adam Cruzemann. Resting girl
Resting girl
Jan Adam Cruzemann
1827, 65.5×53 cm
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Jan Adam Cruzemann. Katherine Annette Fraser
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Self-portrait
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Artworks by the artist
12 artworks total
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Portrait of Adrian van der Hop
2
Portrait of Adrian van der Hop
1835, 125×99 cm
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Italian near chapel
0
Italian near chapel
XIX century
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Salome with the head of John the Baptist
4
Salome with the head of John the Baptist
1861, 120×90 cm
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Ian Philip Francois van der vinne
3
Ian Philip Francois van der vinne
1836, 151.9×119.2 cm
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Portrait of an unknown woman
1
Portrait of an unknown woman
1829, 78.7×65.8 cm
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Ada, Countess of Holland, in exile
2
Ada, Countess of Holland, in exile
XIX century
Jan Adam Cruzemann. The Regents of the Amsterdam leper colony
0
The Regents of the Amsterdam leper colony
1835, 255×285 cm
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Willem II (1792-1849), king of the Netherlands.
2
Willem II (1792-1849), king of the Netherlands.
1840, 109.5×86 cm
Jan Adam Cruzemann. Portrait Alida Christina Assink
8
Portrait Alida Christina Assink
1833, 206×149 cm
View 12 artworks by the artist