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Christian
Krogh

Norway 
1852−1925
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Norwegian painter. In 1874-79 he studied in Karlsruhe and Berlin. From 1909, Professor and Director of arts in Christiania. The author of a well-written realistic genre paintings, sharp feature portraits; with great warmth portrayed sailors struggling with the elements ("Left!", 1879), poor people ("portrait of a girl", 1886); wrote and picture of the socio-critical nature ("the Albertina at the police station", 1886-87; all of these works in the National gallery, Oslo).

An outstanding Norwegian artist and writer, became a classic of both painting, and literature. The son of a famous lawyer George Anton Krogh (1817-73). At the insistence of his father studied law, but at the same time, dreaming of a career as an artist, parallel to painting. He studied at the Christiania Art school, Y. F. he is known (1869-1870) and in the Royal school of drawing (1870-1871). After his father's death in 1873 Krog has completed a law degree, passing the exam a year later and devoted himself to artistic creativity. In 1874 other Elifom Petersena he goes to Germany where he enrolled in Art school in Karlsruhe (Die Grossherzoglich Badische Kunst-Schule). His teachers were the famous masters of painting of the Hans Gyude (1825-1903) and Carl Gussow (1874-1875) a Year later he continued his studies at the same Gussow at the Academy of arts in Berlin (1875-1879). In Berlin Krog meets many figures of culture and art, and particularly those of a symbolist artist max Klinger and the Danish critic Georg Brandes, who had a big influence on him and determined commitment to Krogh to the art of realism. Later, hook tries himself in other directions - from naturalism to impressionism. Creative debut Krogh-artist was held in 1876 and saw the picture "Farewell" (Et farvel).

In 1879 the first visit to the island of Skagen in Denmark at the invitation of fellow landscape painter Fritz Taulava, who was in Skagen in 1872. In 1881-82 he lived in Paris and the village of Gray-sur-Luang together with a group of Scandinavian artists. Consorting with a known Impressionists, particularly Claude Monet. The influence of the Impressionists influenced a creative manner Krogh, and their principles of image were his weapons in the struggle for true art. Krogh subsequently lived in Paris from 1901 to 1909, being engaged in painting and teaching at the Academy colarossi.

In 1880-ies Krog begins to meet with the ODA Larsson (Oda Lasson Krohg, 1860-1935), also known by the artist and christianismi representative of creative Bohemians. Even three years before marriage they have a daughter Nana (named, apparently, in honor of the heroine of the novel by E. Zola). Due to the fact that Ode failed to formally divorce her first husband Rgen Englehardt only in 1888, a formal marriage with Krog, they concluded only in October of the same year. A year later they had a son Per, later also became a famous painter.

As a writer, Christian Krogh, known for his novel "Albertina" (Albertine), published in 1886. The novel narrated about the fate of the model, which was forced into prostitution. The book made an impression of an exploding bomb and was banned by the authorities, and the hook was subjected to judicial persecution. In this respect, he was not the only one - his novels are friends and contemporaries of Hans Jaeger's "life of christianismi Bohemia" and Arne Garborg "Men" have also been ostracized by the authorities. The problems and the development of "forbidden" topics provoked a strong reaction of the Norwegian society. Roman "Albertina" has become an important "document of the era" and is considered one of the "software" works in the history of Norwegian literature. In addition to literary creation, Krog was actively engaged in journalism, working with the newspaper Verdens Gang, wrote articles about writers and artists. In the early 1920s in Copenhagen in 4 volumes, was published his articles, essays and artwork entitled "Struggle for existence" (Kampen for tilværelsen). Curiously, with the same name Krogh was published in 1889 a series of paintings devoted to the life of the poorest sections of society who are forced to literally "fight for existence".

From 1909 Krogh is Professor and Director of the Academy of art in Oslo (Statens kunstakademi). From 1907 until the end of life — Chairman of the Union of Norwegian artists (Bildende Kunstneres Styre).

Christian Krogh, one of the leading Norwegian masters of realistic painting of the late XIX century, the author greatly written genre paintings, sharp feature portraits. Krogh was an outstanding exponent of the sentiments of the Norwegian intelligentsia, the literary and artistic Bohemia of the 80s

His genre works devoted to the life of the working people of the country, mainly sailors and fishermen. Often in his paintings there is not a detailed narrative, they are represented by only one figure, this closeup. The artist's task was to present life as it is, in all its naked realism.

Krogu belongs also a lot of portraits, mostly image izvestnyak of the culture of Scandinavia of that time — for example, Norwegian artists Frits thaulov (1881) and G. Munthe (1885, both exhibited at the National gallery, Oslo), as well as ordinary people, fellow artists, and his wife ODA, etc. is Particularly a well-known portrait of August Strindberg. Also Krog illustrated by the Norwegian Royal sagas (collection "Circle of the earth") together with H. Egedius and other artists and illustrators.

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