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Jean
Arp
France 
1886−1966
Biography and information
 
Jean ARP or Hans ARP (FR. Jean Arp, it. Hans Arp; 16 Sep 1886, Strasbourg — 7 June, 1966, Baselb) French and German painter, sculptor and writer. He was one of the founders of the "Dada" (Zurich, 1916). But creativity ARPA is associated not only with with Dada. However, he did not seek to firmly and forever linked his name with any artistic movement. Jean ARP was familiar with Kandinsky, worked on expressionist almanac "the Blue rider". His three-dimensional compositions and collages have features of abstract art. He was close to the Surrealists and the constructivists. "ARP was the most abstract of the Surrealists and the abstractionists of the surreal"said of the artist, the gallerist Denise rené. "For ARPA art is ARP"— said about it Marcel Duchampresorting to a play on words ("For Arp, art is Arp"). Jean ARP is the author of the script of the short films of Hans Richter "Every day" (Everyday, 1929), which starred Sergei Eisenstein.

Features the works of Jean ARP: "Indignant slaughter of the 1914 war, we in Zurich devoted ourselves to the arts. While guns rumbled in the distance, we struggled to sang, painted, made collages and wrote poems"— so explained the meaning of ARP Dadaist antics. Rather, their meaninglessness: the Dadaists decided to make art pointless, seeing how pointless human life destroyed in war. The measure of art from ARPA becomes beauty, and chance, his works are created in a new artistic reality, not rational and logical. ARP, for example, without any thought-out order scatters the pieces of paper (saying, for he first climbed up on the ladder), and then glues them to the places on the cardboard on which they fall, resigned to the will of the case. Or pretending to be resigned — still very suspicious that the paper quadrilaterals fell on the cardboard, never coming into contact with each other. "The BDA believed that the artist should be as free from any control: only then will he be able to convey in their works the spontaneity of nature and resist all encroachments of man to impose his own order"— explains the method art Gomperz will.

Jean ARP was not considered the artist a Creator, a Creator not only in terms of ideas, intent (surrendering to the will of the case), but in the sense of performance: it is easy to give the sculptures, collages to outsource their assistants. ARP does not believe that the artwork could be completed: he cuts the old collages and ready-made sculptures on the pieces to rebuild them or to declare a fragment of a separate product.

Famous works by Jean ARP: "Squares arranged according to the laws of chance", "Tram",The "human mass"

Author: Alain Grosheva
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Jean Arp. The squares are placed according to the laws of probability
The squares are placed according to the laws of probability
Jean Arp
1917,
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Jean Arp. Untitled (Squares arranged according to the laws of the case)
Untitled (Squares arranged according to the laws of the case)
Jean Arp
1917, 33.2×25.9 cm
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Artworks by the artist
9 artworks total
Jean Arp. Plot 4
0
Plot 4
Jean Arp. Human mass
1
Human mass
Jean Arp. Plot 2
0
Plot 2
Jean Arp. Tears
0
Tears
Jean Arp. A human concept
1
A human concept
Jean Arp. Plot 1
0
Plot 1
Jean Arp. Tram
0
Tram
1915
Jean Arp. Untitled (Squares arranged according to the laws of the case)
3
Untitled (Squares arranged according to the laws of the case)
1917, 33.2×25.9 cm
Jean Arp. The squares are placed according to the laws of probability
1
The squares are placed according to the laws of probability
1917
View 9 artworks by the artist