Biography and information
Dmitriev Oleg Alekseevich, Soviet, Russian artist, was born on March 26, 1913 in Saratov. He graduated in 1942 from the Moscow State Art Institute. He died on August 19, 2009 in Moscow. The heyday of his work came in the forties and eighties of the twentieth century. But he did not let the brush with paints out of his hands to a very old age and owned it better than with a pen and ink. He left most of his creative heritage to people, handed over to museums, our art galleries, once a great Motherland. Oleg Alekseevich and his spouse, Valentina Vasilyevna Danilova, alone presented more than three hundred of their best works to the Solikamsk Regional Museum of Local Lore. The pictures and etchings of Oleg Alekseevich are kept in the Museum of History and Reconstruction of Moscow, in the Chuvash and Nizhny Novgorod art museums, in the Saratov State Chernyshevsky Literary Museum, in the State Regional Museum of Berezniki. And this is not a complete list of cultural institutions where you can see his work. In the 13th edition of the Unified Artistic Rating, Oleg Alekseevich Dmitriev was assigned category 4A (professional artist with creative potential.
Oleg Alekseevich’s parents were Alexey Yevdokimovich Dmitriev and Adelaida Gavrilovna, nee Butkovskaya.
Alexey Yevdokimovich was born in a peasant family in the village of Dubasovo, Saratov province. The life of his parents began in captivity, but even after the abolition of serfdom, there were no major changes in the life of the villagers. The established order was violated by Alexei, at twelve years of age he ran away from home and hired as an assistant fireman at a train station in Saratov. There is no information about how the village boy mastered the diploma, got an education and became a high-class, sought-after specialist. At thirty he was already known for his inventions. On one of the first large fees, Alexei bought a spacious house in the city and put his parents in it.
Adelaida Gavrilovna was born in the family of an impoverished nobleman, Gavrila Konstantinovich Butkovsky and Elizaveta Vitman, the daughter of the owners of a small hat workshop. The family was not rich, and Adelaide, at the age of sixteen, contributed to the family budget and taught children how to play the piano.
Oleg’s parents met by chance, and their music brought them together. Alexey was a talented student of Adelaide. Together they have learned and not once performed the entire repertoire that was fashionable at the time: romances, arias from operas. But it turned out to be a difficult task to create a family with a noble noblewoman for Alexei, not such brides were taken into consideration by their parents: merchant’s daughter, parson. Humbled their appearance grandchildren. In 1910 Leonid was born, in 1913 — Oleg.
In 1916, the family moved to Abkhazia. In a small house with a plot that Aleksey bought, lived for many years, did not starve in difficult times. And children had a happy childhood. Oleg had an early ability to draw. Wildlife, among which he grew up, awakened imagination, developed imagination. He tried to convey his perception of the world with drawings, painting them with juice of berries and vegetables. But drying, the colors changed, the picture was spoiled. He learned the secret of making these paints later when he became interested in chemistry during his studies at the Sukhumi industrial technical school. Work skills in the chemical laboratory were useful in the manufacture of etchings. In 1934, the young self-taught painter had the first graphic sheets. Valentina Danilova, a girlfriend of her youth and a second-year student of the Tiflis art studio of professor Moisey Toidze, helped him in this difficult process. Works of Oleg, including etchings, Valentina showed her teacher, Moses Ivanovich, asked to evaluate. The professor said that the young man was talented, and asked Valentine to help the novice artist, to make sure that he did not lose his gift.
In 1935, Oleg entered the fourth year of the Oryol Art Technical School, and a year later transferred to the last year of the Moscow Art School in memory of 1905.
In the same year, 1936, an important event occurred in the life of Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna — entering into legal marriage. They began to live together in a small room in the Novodevichy Convent, where Valentina Vasilyevna lived with her mother.
In 1937, Oleg entered the second course of the Moscow State Institute of Fine Arts. The reception was only on the schedule, but there were also quite a few hours of painting there. In the fall of 1941, the institute with all the property, students and teachers was evacuated to Samarkand. Here Oleg Alekseevich completed his studies and in 1942 returned to Moscow, received a diploma, and he immediately began active creative activity, participation in numerous exhibitions in Moscow and other cities of the Soviet Union. In 1942, Oleg was admitted to the Moscow Union of Artists, and in 1946 became a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR. He lived, as before the evacuation in the Novodevichy Convent with his wife and mother-in-law. But in 1945 a decree was issued by the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR on the transfer of all monastic premises to the Theological Institute. New housing on acceptable terms, Oleg Alekseevich found in Malakhovka. Valentina Vasilyevna told about this period of life: "Our best and, at the same time, the most hungry days of our life passed in Malakhovka. Here we have made almost all the great etchings from the life of musicians, artists, artists, writers. Here we started sailing on a yacht. From here we went on an interesting expedition to Kyrgyzstan. "
Before embarking on works from the "Life of Wonderful People" series, the artists studied their work, their surroundings, and collected material bit by bit, which could be useful in their work. Great help was provided by Maria Vasilyevna, Oleg Alekseevich’s mother-in-law. She took upon herself all the household worries and helped in the creative process: she found books, magazines, notes in which there could be information about the environment, friends, the environment among which the heroes of future creations lived. Works of this period are kept in many museums of the former Soviet Union.
"On the water expanses of Russia on the yacht" Phoenix ". So Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna called a series of paintings and etchings created during the voyages on the yacht Viktor Fedorovich Bolkhovitinov, Major General of the Soviet Aviation Service. For many years, warm friendship has been linked with this family of Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna. The first trip on a yacht took place in the summer of 1951.
In the team of the captain, "Vic Fedrych", the duties were strictly distributed. Oleg Alekseevich got the role of a sailor, but during the holidays he liked to delight travelers with hearing music. A balalaika, mandolin or guitar, one of these instruments accompanied him on all his travels.
Viktor Fedorovich died on January 30, nineteen hundred and seventieth year.
In the summer of 1955, Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna were lucky enough to take part in an ethnographic expedition around Kyrgyzstan. Under one of the drawings made during the expedition, Valentina Vasilyevna left the following lines: "… there were mountains, high, with snowy peaks, rough rivers, dark forests. Everything was very interesting and beautiful, but the most interesting was the lake of Sarah Chelek, which means "golden bowl". Behind the lake there are high snowy mountains and sharp steep slopes of mountains … "The artists transferred all this in their works, but a separate, large series is devoted to the life and life of the inhabitants of the remote villages lost in the mountains. Sincere admiration caused cordiality, hospitality and decency of these people …
Own living space
In 1959, Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna moved to Moscow. Here, on Zholtovsky Street, at number 17, they received a room in a communal apartment.
Trips to a small home
In January 1963, Oleg Alekseevich, for the first time in many years, visited his small homeland. It happened because of a serious illness, and then the death of his mother, Adelaide Gavrilovna. After this sad event, trips to relatives with Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna became regular. Several years ago, his brother Leonid built a new house in which everyone had enough space, and dear guests from Moscow always stood out the best room, dry, bright, warm. Most often they came in the fall, and returned to Moscow at the end of December. But sometimes, having survived the winter slush, they enjoyed the awakening of nature, spring warmth. Oleg Alekseevich gave the best paintings of this period to the Solikamsk Museum.
Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna often spent the winter in the picturesque surroundings of Tarusa. Here, in the house of creative work of the Moscow Union of Artists, they had all the conditions for good rest and fruitful work: a two-room suite with all conveniences, three meals a day, a workshop where you could work when you didn’t want to go outside. But Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna drew up their daily routine for themselves and did not retreat a single step from it. From the notes of Valentina Vasilyevna: "Our working day was distributed as follows: in the morning, having had breakfast, we went to work in nature. Even a severe frost could not keep us in the workshop … We walked away from the house and finding a good place, we started to work … I shoved Hibasyu over the side of my fur coat, only the head remained outside and she fell asleep. Worked until lunch. I did not notice the cold. But at the end of the work I could not, without the help of Oleg, fold the folder and the pencils. My hands were numb from the cold. "
In the evenings, creative people gathered in a large hall, where there was always a lot of music and interesting communication. How wrong those who believe that the artist should be hungry! A series of winter landscapes created in comfortable conditions is one of the most interesting.
Interests Oleg Alekseevich
During his travels in Russia on the yacht "Phoenix", Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna were carried away by Russian folk art. They have accumulated a lot of interesting things: sketches of costumes, household utensils, carved wood figurines, I especially remember the bear with the balalaika. But Oleg Alekseevich had a real balalaika. With fervor in his eyes, he fervently played Russian folk songs on it. And in the mid-sixties, Oleg Alekseevich appeared mandolin. The first time he pleased me fashionable, while the song, "Indonesia". And then in the repertoire appeared, incomparable, Italian classics. Mandolin was replaced by a violin. Oleg at that time was already deep in his fifties, and I was amazed at his masterly possession of this instrument. But Valentina Vasilievna did not like the violin and was replaced by a democratic and beloved guitar.
During one of his trips to Sukhumi, Oleg Alekseevich became interested in manufacturing guitars. Inspired by his log of mulberry, which he accidentally discovered in our garden. Here’s how in a commentary on his drawing, in which Oleg Alekseyevich is depicted with a guitar, Valentina Vasilyevna told about his new, unusual hobby: "… he started making guitars himself. Various. For all occasions. I was looking for new forms. One was better than the other. In my drawing he plays the guitar he made with a very special deck. "The guitar accompanied Oleg Alekseevich for a long time. But the music did not prevent another of his hobbies, it was Italian. I studied it without help, according to the self-help manual.
Oleg Alekseevich’s musical preferences changed often, and Pushkin’s enthusiasm for creativity was accompanied throughout his life. Alexander Sergeyevich, he always knew how to find the line, consonant mood. This calmed him, helped to cope with adversity. He often told me these lines:
"If life deceives you,
Do not be sad, do not be angry!
On the day of gloom, humble yourself:
A fun day, believe, will come … "
In Mikhailovsky, the family estate of the mother of the poet, passed the best years of Alexander Sergeyevich. This corner, "a haven of tranquility, work and inspiration," where a century and a half ago he lived, loved and suffered a great poet, attracted, forced Oleg Alekseevich to return here again and again, and not in vain! Every time he discovered something new, special in him. Landscapes, etchings created here, he gave to the museum-reserve A.S. Pushkin in the Mikhailovsky and Solikamsk museum. And when trips to Mikhailovskoye began to happen less and less, and then stopped altogether, Oleg Alekseevich conceived and executed a series of portraits dedicated to Pushkin and his friends: Yazykov, Delvig, and the nurse. But he was particularly inspired when he worked on the portrait of Anna Wulf, a girl known for having spent all her life in love with Alexander Sergeyevich. Oleg Alekseevich could not find any of her portraits, I had to be content with descriptions of contemporaries and a small, accidentally discovered, medallion. But at the crucial moment, while working on the face of the girl, Oleg was helped by a case which is difficult to call anything other than mystical. He told no one but me about it. There is a mysterious picture in the plot: Anna sits by the window, sorts out the written leaves, and outside the window there is Pushkin, or rather his silhouette.
With his retirement, Oleg Alekseevich increasingly began to think about the fate of the paintings, about what could happen to them after his death. And he accidentally found out that an art department was being created at the Solikamsk Museum of Local Lore. And Alexandra Ivanovna Bogoyavlenskaya, the widow of a famous artist, Mikhail Stepanovich Bogoyavlensky, handed over pictures of her husband there, and she herself took up the work of creating an art department. Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna, followed her example, donated their best works to the museum, and then actively joined in the arrangement of the art department. In total, Oleg Alekseevich and Valentina Vasilyevna donated over three hundred of their best works to the Solikamsk Museum. The city administration awarded them the title of honorary citizens of Solikamsk.
In 1998, after the death of his wife, Valentina Vasilyevna, Oleg Alekseevich married V. Astakhova, a woman who had been seeking him for many years. At the beginning of the zero, Oleg Alekseevich suffered a stroke. The last six years of his life he spent in a blurred mind. The conclusion on incapacity was made on the basis of the conclusion of the Serbian institute after his death. Oleg Alekseevich did not become August 19, 2009.
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