The Rijksmuseum Twenthe in Enschede was founded in 1927 by Baron Jan Bernard Van Heek. He donated his own private collection and the museum building to the government, thus making it a national museum.
The museum owns a large collection of 17th century and 18th century works, medieval books and religious objects, and some paintings of late 19th century Impressionists. The collection of 20th-century art is also important (Karel Appel, Armando). One wing of the museum is used for temporary exhibitions of mostly modern art. It is the largest art museum in the east of the country.