Art world 2017: eight brightest discoveries
1. Mother of LeonardoThis year, the name of Leonardo da Vinci is widely heard not only thanks to the sale of his Salvatore Mundi. In June, Martin Kemp, the Professor of the History of Art at Oxford University, caused a sensation in the art world by publishing the book about the mother of a painter. The personality of this woman has always been shrouded in mystery; we only know that her name was Caterina. Now, her life story has become more complete, thanks to the financial documents of the 15th century, unmarked by other art critics.
2. Buckingham's PortraitIn September, art critic Bendor Grosvenor from BBC4's Britain’s Lost Masterpieces announced a startling discovery: the portrait of Duke Buckingham by Peter Paul Rubens, which was believed to have been lost for 400 years, was found in Scotland. Previously, the picture from the collection of the Pollock House Museum in Glasgow was considered only a copy.
So, when does a study remain a mere drill, and when can we call it an artwork in its own right, full of life and having artistic value? Read more
3. Raphael in Vatican
This mystery is 500 years old. Two paintings by Raphael were discovered during the cleaning and restoration of the Hall of Constantine in the Vatican Museums. Probably, these were the last works by one of the Renaissance masters, made shortly before his death in 1520 at the age of 37 years.
The female figures, personifying Justice and Friendship, were painted by Raphael about 1519. He painted the personal apartments of Pope Julius II, but he died before he finished the work. After that, other artists worked on the walls, and these two paintings were forgotten. The unconventional technique and strokes typical for Raphael differentiate them from other frescoes.