German painter and graphic artist. Studied at the Academy of fine arts in Konigsberg (1876-80) and Munich (1880-84), as well as in the Academy Juliane in Paris (1884-87). Participated in the activities of the Berlin secession (1899). In a dramatic, gruffly sensual works on religious and mythological themes used the techniques of impressionism ("Virsavia, 1908, Picture gallery, Dresden). He also painted landscapes, portraits, Nudes ("uncovered", 1899, the Kunsthalle Bremen), still lifes. In later work, was close to expressionism.
Alongside max Lieberman, the Lesser URY and max Slevogt is one of the most prominent representatives of German impressionism, although his latest work is often considered a synthesis of impressionism and expressionism.
Lovis Corinto was born in the family of Henry and Wilhelmina Corinth, who held a tannery and a fairly large farms. He was the only child of his parents and was brought up together with five brothers and sisters from a previous marriage of the mother.
C 1866 in 1873 Louis visited Kneiphofische high school in Koenigsberg and was living with his aunt. In 1870 with the beginning of the Franco-Prussian war in the apartment aunt stood on hold on the soldiers. When, in 1873, his mother died of Corinth, he returned to his home, where later he appeared desire to become an artist.
That son was learning to be an artist, father of Lovis Corinto sold the estate in Tapiau and moved with him to Konigsberg. Corinth was admitted to the Academy, where the basics of painting and historical painting he taught Otto Gunther. Together with the bill and the other students of Corinth went to Berlin and Thuringia, where we visited the studios of albert Brendel, who at the time headed the Weimar school of arts, Friedrich Preller and Karl Buchholz. In his art Corinth focused on portraits and landscapes.
On the recommendation of his teacher Gunther in 1880 Corinth entered the Academy of fine arts in Munich, which in those days was considered along with Paris's most famous center of painting and played a large role in the cultural life of the city. Luis Corinth first studied in the class of Franz Defregger, then at Ludwig Leffa, who once studied with William Dietz. Together with Corinth at the Academy he studied Hans Olde and Bernt Grenvold, friendly relations with which Louis preserved and after school. Corinto joined the direction of naturalism, which at the time was trying to resist classic historical painting. The big place in the training took painting nu. Another teacher who influenced Corint, became William Trubner, on whose death in 1920 Corinth wrote an obituary.
In 1882-1883 years of Corinth had served in the army, and then to return to studies made with his father on a trip to Italy and to lake Gardasee.
In 1884 Corinth spent three months for study in Antwerp. In the same year it expected the first international success with a picture of "Conspiracy": the picture was awarded the bronze medal of the London salon. In Antwerp Studio appeared and one of the most famous works of Corinth "Negro Othello", which is a portrait of dark-skinned men. In October of Corinth went to Paris and enrolled in a private Academy Juliane, where he gained experience with the naked female body. This period had a significant impact on the further work of the artist and above all his female portraits. Stay in Paris brought Corinth much success, and he returned from Paris with 20 large-format paintings, mostly Nude. Stay in Paris alongside the well-known Impressionists, when in galleries in Paris demonstrated the works already dead by the time Gustave Courbet and Edouard Manet, not reflected in the work of Corinto. He inspired the exhibition Jean-Louis-Ernest Message, Wilhelm Label and especially retrospective of Jules bastien-Lepage.
In the summer of 1886 Corinth went with the Hans Olde on the Baltic sea to write landscapes and portraits, in 1887, he returned to Koenigsberg and painted a portrait of his father, but the portrait again was not evaluated in kenigsbergskaia Academy.
In 1887 Luis Corinth moved for the winter to Berlin, where he met, in particular with max Klinger, Walter Latikova and Carl Stauffer-Bern. Most likely it was in Berlin Corinth wrote his first self-portrait. Next year Corinth returned home in Konigsberg to his seriously ill father and wrote to his death on 10 January 1889 him a few portraits.
In 1890 announced at the Paris Salon picture of Corinth "Pieta" ("the descent from the cross") received the award. Encouraged by the success of Corinth in 1891 was decided to move again in Munich. Here he settled in Schwabing. View from the window of his apartment Corinth captured in the same year, on many of his paintings. Corinto interested in popular at that time in Munich creativity in the open air, when artists left their workshops in search of stories under the open sky. Painting on plener made popular in Germany famous characters of the Munich cultural life Arnold Böcklin, Max Klinger and Hans Volume. Munich princes from painting was considered Friedrich August von Kaulbach, Franz von Lenbach, and Franz von Pieces. The main product of Corinto this year has become a large "Diogenes". However, a picture exhibition at the crystal Palace have not lived up to its promises, but on the contrary was subjected to intense criticism, forcing Corint again to doubt yourself. From my friend Otto Eckmann Corinth was studying art of etching and by 1894, there appeared a series of etchings "Tragicomedy", which shows the influence of art Nouveau and art by max Klinger.
Since 1892 Corinth creates a series of paintings with scenes at the slaughterhouse, who made an impression on critics. Pictures painted in a realistic manner to the provocative topic. Corinth was associated with the "revolutionaries" in Munich's art, which are not exhibited their work in the official crystal Palace and met in the Munich community of artists "Allure". In 1892 from this Union has allocated the Munich Secession, which apart from Corint joined Max Liebermann, Otto Eckmann, Thomas Theodor Heine, Hans Olde, Hans Volume, William Trubner, Franz von Pieces and Fritz von Ude. To change for the better the situation of exhibitions, Corinth with Eckmann, Trubner, Heine, max Slevogt, Carl Stratmann, Hermann Obrist and Peter Behrens wanted in 1893 to create a "Free Association". ON this occasion, the secession was some disagreement, the Association was not established, and participated in this matter artists were excluded from secession. Their exhibitions they spent in the gallery Schulte.
"Withdrawal from the cross" in 1895 became the first picture of Corinth, Kotor was really sold. In the same year it was presented at the exhibition at the crystal Palace and won the gold medal. From 1895 to 1900, at exhibitions were demonstrated and other works of Corinth, which, however, is not made on the audience special experience. Through one of his friends Corinth met with members of the Munich literary circle "Side of the government. Die Nebenregierung), in which, among other things included the writers Max Halbe, count Eduard von Keyserling, Frank Wedekind and Otto Erich Hartleben. In 1896 Corinth was one of the founders of the existing and now Masonic Lodge "Strong loyalty". In Treue fest), for which she wrote in 1898 picture "the Brothers of the Lodge", picturing twelve members of their boxes. In the years of Corinth has created some of the most successful and best-known works. Thus, about 1896 Corinth wrote his famous "Portrait with a skeleton", in 1897 - "Witches" and "the Temptation of St. Anthony". In 1900 he wrote "Salome", which had high hopes, but was refused on its participation in the exhibition of the Munich secession. Having survived this failure, Corinth decided to leave Munich and move to Berlin. There Leistikow, with whom he maintained good relations, together with max Lieberman and Field, the Group founded the Berlin Secession. In July 1900 "Salome" is the focus of the second exhibition of the Berlin secession, and in his own words Corint he becomes in Berlin "big". In addition to the "Salome" at the exhibition was also attended by the painting "Susanna and two elder" and "Crucifixion", and thanks Leistikow Corinth received its first orders for portraits.
In the autumn of 1901 Lovis Corinto moved to Berlin and became a member of the Berlin secession. In the same year, his painting "Perseus and Andromeda" was shown at the exhibition of secession with Paul Cassirer next to the paintings of Vincent van Gogh, Wilhelm Label and Arnold beklina. Leistikow helped with the workshop on the street Klosterstrasse. Klopstockstraße), and on October 14, 1901, it opened its artistic school. His first student was 21-year-old Charlotte Berend, which became the Corint constant model. Another disciple of Corinth was Erich Lasse. The school made a profit, and paintings of Corinth became a great success.
In December Paul Cassirer organized a special exhibition of the works of Corinth, and one year later Corinth was elected in the Board of secession. "Portrait of the poet Peter hill" together with other works of Corinth: "Samuel curses of Saul, "Grace" and "self-Portrait with model was shown at the exhibition of secession in 1902, in Addition to works of Corinth at this exhibition included paintings of Edouard Manet and Edvard Munch, and a portrait of the hill acquired the Bremen Kunsthalle.
on March 26, 1903 Lovis Corinto married Charlotte Berend, which took a hyphenated name Berend-Corinto. on 13 October this year came to light their son Thomas Corinth, and the family moved to the street Handelstrasse. Händelstraße). Daughter Wilhelmina born six years later, on June 13, 1909
At the annual exhibition 1903 Corinth presented his "Girl with bull" and "the Struggle Odyssey with the poor", in 1904, was written "Teenie Senders" and "the entombment".In the same year Cassirer held in the gallery exhibition Frenchman Paul Cezanne, which was made on Corint strong impression. In 1906 Corinth began his first major literary work - "Autobiography", on which he worked until his death in 1925, After the artist's death it was published widow of Corinth. In the same year Corinth created a number of famous and attracts the attention of works, as "the descent from the cross", "the Childhood of Zeus", "After bathing"and "Rudolph Rittner in the image of the Florian Geyer". In 1907 there were "Captivity Samson", "Great punishment", "self-Portrait with a glass", and also caused numerous disputes "was uncovered".
In 1908 saw the light of two literary works of Corinth: "Legends of the artist's life", like the "Autobiography" tells about the life of Corinth, and "Study of painting", textbook that introduces the reader to the painting and its techniques. Deserves attention and artistic works Corint this year: "Susanna in the pool", "Orpheus" and "Portrait of the artist Walter Leistikow". Leistikow died in the year, and Corinth dedicated a book called "Life of the artist Leistikow", which was released in Cassirer in 1910
In 1910 the Corinth was able to present several of his paintings on already obtained the recognition of the exhibition secession: "Weapons of Mars", "Washing of the feet" family portrait "Artist and his family", which shows all the members of his family. Lovis Corinto alongside max Lieberman was considered at that time one of the most recognized and popular artists of the Berlin secession, and several of his paintings were acquired by the Hamburg Kunsthalle.
In 1911, Max Liebermann, who was President of the Berlin secession, and the members of its Board Max Slevogt, Paul Cassirer and others resigned, and a new Director of the Association was elected Lovis Corinto. In the same year Secession held an exhibition in honor of the deceased Fritz von Ude, who was a member of secession. At the spring exhibition of secession was also exhibited the work of Pablo Picasso, Ferdinand Hodler. Corinto presented at this show his picture "Nana" and two portraits of the poet Ferdinand Meyer. In December at Corinth had a stroke that ended the one-sided paralysis. In 1909-1919, Lovis Corinto spent much time on a new resort of Nienhagen near bad Doberan and wrote many drawings and paintings dedicated to Mecklenburg. The spring of 1912 he spent on vacation with his wife on the Riviera, and in summer wrote "Blinded Samson". In December, Paul Cassirer was re-elected to the Board of secession, Corinth resigned, after rejecting an offer to remain on the Board and jury.
In 1913 he published the first monograph on the artist Lovis the Corinth, written by George Biermann. In an act of reconciliation with Corinth Paul Cassirer organized this year, a major retrospective of the artist's works was opened by Max Liebermann. Only in this exhibition participated 228 oil paintings Corint. With the work of Corinth in the year one could also get acquainted with "Great exhibition of art in Dusseldorf 1913" in Mannheim and at the world fair in Ghent, as well as in various art galleries and museums in Baden-Baden, Munich and Dresden. At the spring exhibition of the Berlin secession, celebrating in 1913 its fifteenth anniversary, presented his Ariadne auf Naxos" and "Trader Oriental carpets". At this exhibition apart from the artists who cooperated with the Secession during these 15 years, participated for the first time the artist Henri Matisse. This exhibition of the autumn exhibition of the same year, in which took part the work of Edvard Munch, Picasso, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and others, was a great success. However, the success of secession and exhibitions Cassirer, could not hide the inner contradiction. In the same year, the Group as a member of the jury of secession was charged with serious charges associated with its commercial activities in the sphere of art, which led to the exit of the secession 42 artists including max Liebermann and the entire management Board. Lovis Corinto remained in the secession-called "Free Secession", where he was the only artist of international fame.
In 1914 Corinth visited Monte Carlo and Rome, where his attention was especially attracted by Raphael's fresco in the Vatican. Then he traveled to St. Moritz, where his trip was interrupted by the beginning of the First world war. Corinto together with Lefogta, Lieberman and Ernst Barlaam was among those famous artists who welcomed the beginning of the war. Lovis Corinto, who in his report "About the essence of painting" to the free students of the University of Berlin in January 1914, have already declared their Patriotic views, seen in the war, the possibility of a new beginning, which is to allow German art to prove its significance:
"We will show the world that today the German art is marching on top of the world. To stop galicko-Slavic obezyannike the last period of our painting!"
In 1915 Corinth was again elected Chairman of the Berlin secession and worked on the exhibition, which by its idea was designed to emphasize old values German painting. For her, he gave some of his still lifes and portraits, as well as a picture of "Joseph and the wife of Potiphar.
In the years of Corinth increasingly concentrated in the war, as reflected in his work. So in 1917 there appeared "Cain" and "Portrait of gross-Admiral Alfred von Guns". In the same year the writer Karl Schwartz published the book "Graphics Corinto Lovis"detailing drawings and graphics Corint. In August of Corinth were in Tapiau and presented to their native city, which awarded him the title of honorary resident, several of his works.
In March 1918 the Berlin Secession dedicated Lovis the Corint the exhibition on the occasion of his 60th birthday, which was presented 140 of his oil paintings, several works of Corinth also participated in the spring exhibition of secession. At the same time the Berlin national gallery began establishing systematic collection of works of Corinth, which after the war were shown in the Department of new art in the Palace of the crown Prince. The Berlin Academy of arts awarded him the title of Professor. After the war, wrecking Empire, followed by the November revolution and the Weimar Republic, the faith of Corinth at the German painting was undermined:
"The state of Hohenzollern completely destroyed. I feel like a Prussian and Imperial German."
In 1919 Lovis Corinto bought a land plot in the village of Urfeld on the lake Walchensee, where his wife Charlotte Berend built a house. He became a place of solitude of the artist, where he wrote mostly painted landscapes, portraits and still-lives are increasingly moving away from the artistic life. His paintings on the Walchensee gained recognition and become successful from a financial point of view. In his own words so many works never been sold, as after the collapse of the country. The picture is almost tore the easel, and has never been such a proliferation of exhibitions, as now." In the same year he released the album of etchings "Ancient legends", followed in 1920 he published "the Complete collection of works," which included the most important newspaper articles and works of Corinth.
on March 15, 1921, the Lovis to Corinth was awarded the title of honorary doctor of the Koenigsberg the Albertus University, Corinth himself until his death in 1925, he edited his "Autobiography" and wrote the painting "Red Christ", where the artist showed the cruelty of the crucifixion, "Flora" and the latest "Susanna and elders". Also in this time of Corinth from memory wrote portraits of his colleagues: Bernt Grenvold, Leonid Pasternak and Georg Brandes. Other famous works of the late period are "Trojan horse", "Carmencita" and portraits of children Corint Thomas and Wilhelmina.
In 1923 for the 65th anniversary of Corinth national gallery organized an exhibition with the participation of 170 paintings that were in private collections. The late works of the artist participated in the exhibition of secession in Berlin and major exhibitions of Corinth in the Zurich Kunsthaus and Koenigsberg in 1924, the same year Corinth wrote the Imperial portrait of the President of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, in which by his own admission he had seen not so much a social Democrat as a modern ruler of Germany with good character.
In 1925, Corinth became an honorary member of the Bavarian Academy of fine arts, and was held in Berlin exhibition of watercolors Corint. His last major work was "Ecce Homo", which he completed just before his departure to Dusseldorf and Amsterdam on 16 June 1925, and again to look at the works of Frans Hals and Rembrandt. on July 17, Corinth died in Zandvoort near Amsterdam from pneumonia, his body was transported to Berlin and buried in the forest cemetery in Stahnsdorf. After the death of Corinth was published serious monograph Alfred Koons, in Berlin in the memory of the artist in the National gallery hosted an exhibition of paintings and watercolors of the artist, and at the Academy of arts - graphics exhibition.
Although during the life of Corinth was considered a prominent representative of German art and as a patriot, strongly contributed to its development, many of his works were criticized during the Third Reich. If the early impressionist work Corinto is fully consistent with the national socialist views of the national socialists, of late, part of the expressionist works were declared "degenerative art". This transformation in the artist considered as a result of a stroke in 1911 and allegedly happened the second stroke in 1918
During the cleaning was confiscated 295 works Corinto Lovis, among which was a large part of the collection of the National gallery and the Hamburg Kunsthalle. Some of the works came to the exhibition of "degenerate art" in Munich. Most of the works of Corinth was subsequently sold abroad, mainly in Switzerland.
Lovis Corinto has created more than 1000 paintings and as many watercolors, drawings and graphics.He also wrote a number of books and articles for several publications in the field of art.
Many of his works currently displayed in galleries and museums in Germany and abroad, most of the creative heritage of Corinto is located in private collections. Many works of Corinth was lost during the Second world war.