The art of cubism appeared in Paris around 1907. The two main “inventors” of Cubism were the French artist Georges Braque (1882–1963) and the Spaniard Pablo Picasso (1881–1973). The term “cubism” arose in a derogatory remark by an art critic in 1908: he said that Braque reduced everything “to geometric shapes, to cubes”. "Cubism"Soon became widespread, although in reality cubist paintings rarely contain cubes.
For several years, a small group of artists from Paris, including Fernand Leger, Robert Delaunay and Sonia Delaunay, followed the example of Braque and Picasso. They wanted to emphasize that the picture is a flat surface, while the things that they represented were three-dimensional. Instead of choosing a fixed perspective and presenting the views as if they were visible through a window, they painted a motif as if they were seen from several different angles at the same time. This dynamic, modern approach introduced the time factor, since it implied that the artist was moving around the subject. It was a style adapted to the modern world of speed and rapid change.
The Cubist style quickly spread throughout Europe and America and was especially popular in Russia, where it corresponded to new revolutionary ideals. Cubism split into different styles in different countries: Italians had futurism; the English had vorticism; Russians had Suprematism and Constructivism. All of these various branches originated from cubism, which makes it probably the most radical and influential art movement of the twentieth century.