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Baroque

The irregular pearl

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The baroque
The baroque style replaced the Renaissance, and it sought to shock the soul, in contrast to the Renaissance art, which kept the distance between an artwork and the audience. It surely succeeded: the pictorial pearls of those times are the true treasures. Read more
style replaced the Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
, and it sought to shock the soul, in contrast to the Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
art, which kept the distance between an artwork and the audience. It surely succeeded: the pictorial pearls of those times are the true treasures.
Baroque is a style in European art and architecture of the 16—17th centuries. The name of the style coincides with the eponymous name of the era that replaced the Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
. Baroque is characterized by the complexity of the art form, more attention is paid to details, symbols and allegories. Realistic scenes and subjects are often depicted next to mythological ones. The paintings are very emotional, bright, defined by chiaroscuro, pomposity and exaggerated manner in images. In contrast to the Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
art, which kept a distance between the work and the audience, the Baroque sought to shock the soul.
Peter Paul Rubens. The cardinal-infant Ferdinand of the Austrian at the battle of Nördlingen

The most common version of the origin of the word "baroque" alludes to the Portuguese language: la perola barroca is a pearl of irregular shape. Despite the Portuguese origin of the word, the birthplace of the style is Italy. In Rome, the so-called majestic manner of painting emerged, glorifying the Catholic saints, the Pope, the aristocratic elite. The genre of a ceremonial portrait, emphasizing the status of a person in society, became popular. The rulers in such portraits were often surrounded by the ancient gods. The main subjects of the Baroque painting are mythology and religion. Often the ceilings of the buildings are painted in lush clouds feature biblical and mythological subjects.

One of the most famous figures of Baroque art was the Flemish artist Peter Paul Rubens. His subjects are full of inner movement and tension. A riot of colours, bright, rich hues and radiance create a colour symphony. Anthony Van Dyck, Rembrandt, Jordaens, Snijders also brought fame to the Flemish Baroque.
The brightest representative of Italian Baroque was Caravaggio. In contrast to the colour composer Rubens, Caravaggio put his subjects in twilight. He was a skilled master at sharply contrasting light and shadow. The rays of light reveal expressive gestures and facial expressions of the subjects from the gloomy tones, emphasizing monumentality and plastic perception. The artist’s paintings are emotional and dynamic, and the depicted subjects are very realistic. They are filled not with aristocratic majesty, but with real living feelings. Therefore, the despair of the apostle in "The Taking of Christ" is so real and the surprise in "The Incredulity of Saint Thomas" is so sincere.
Giovanni Antonio Canal (Canaletto). Return of Buchintoro to the pier at the Doge's Palace

Annibale Caracci, Pietro da Cortona, Andrea del Pozzo, Tiepolo and many others also succeeded in Italian baroque painting. The Venetian school gained immense popularity with its Veduta genre — the urban landscape. Canaletto succeeded most in this genre.

Spanish Baroque painting is represented by Diego Velázquez, who helped to overcome the "church" barrier and became an artist of psychological portraiture. In French painting, the characteristic features of the Baroque style are inherent in the ceremonial portraits by Hyacinthe Rigaud.

The baroque style existed for different time period in different countries — from 60 (countries of Eastern Europe) to 250 years (Italy). And in some countries, the Baroque style is best reflected not in painting, but in architecture — the Russian Empire
Empire (fr. empire – imperial) is the style of the late classicism in architecture, applied art and painting. It was popular during the first three decades of the 19th century.
It is characterized by the craving for monumentality and greatness: so that it immediately becomes clear to everyone that the emperor’s power is almost limitless! The Empire style arose in France during the reign of Napoleon, later it was replaced by the eclectic art movements currents and then itfound its revival in ... the Soviet Union. Read more
and the Great Britain.