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Mikael Peter
Anchor

Denmark 
1849−1927
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Michael Anker — (DAT.: Michael Peter Ancher, June 9, 1849, Bornholm, September 19, 1927, Skagen). Danish realist painter, one of the founders Braginskii school of painting. Known for his portraits and genre scenes from the life of the fishing village of Skagen.

Features artist Michael Anchor: Their creativity Anchor have devoted life the Jutland fishermen, focusing on the theme of the struggle between man and the elements. Despite the simplicity of the stories, the images of fishermen and rural residents are endowed with genuinely heroic characters, and such stories as the struggle with the storm is presented with its historical monuments.

Famous paintings of the artist Michael Anchor: "The lifeboat is carried through the dunes", "Will there be a storm?", "On the beach of Skagen".

Michael Anker was born in the village of Rutsker on the island of Bornholm in the merchant family. Faced with financial difficulties, his father was forced to interrupt the training of the son out of school and move to Copenhagen. Later, Michael in search of prosperity, worked as a clerk in East Jutland, but all his leisure was devoted to drawing. Here he met artist Theodore Philipsen, who noticed his talent and suggested to take up painting seriously.

The purpose of the young man was the Royal Academy of arts, but before to go there for some time he studied at the art school Nielsen. At the Academy Michael has paid special attention to genre painting. His teacher — Wilhelm Marstrandand Frederick Vermeren supported his interests and aspirations. But the young artist finished his studies and left the Academy in 1875. Since that time a special period in his work — Braginski.


The place where the Baltic and the North sea is Skagen. A small fishing village in Northern Denmark has attracted artists of a certain type. They sought to portray the "pure" nature, to work in the open air. It was a kind of protest to academic traditions, but the protest in the Northern low-key and calm.

Carl Madsen — classmate Anchor asked him to come back here to work in the harsh sea shore. He was 26 years old and he was mesmerized by the types of the severe beauty of the Danish North. Among the many painters who stayed here in the summer, the only one who decided to stay here was Michael.

The artist met his future wife, the artist Anna Brondum. She was the daughter of the proprietor of Brendan— permanent collection sagansky like-minded people. Two years after the wedding they have a daughter Helga, which will appear on the canvases of the parents. Later they organize a Museum of painting and the first in Denmark to set foot on the path of impressionism.

But in the beginning the painting of Michael is absolute realism. He is only interested in a certain theme, around which he built all his work. It Braginskii fishermen, their daily life, work, joy and sorrow. And of course what they face on a daily basis. But the realism of the Anchor is not a simple everyday life, and a heroic chant, a Saga not only about the specific fishermen, but the man as a fighter in General.

The success came to Anchor with his monumental work, "Will the storm?", where the drama and realism settled on a single canvas.

Rybactwo — the main theme of the Anchor, but he also didn't disregard the simple life of other villagers, children and the elderly, women at work and leisure. He also painted portraits of his family, fellow artists and the residents of Skagen. Canvas Anchor associated with the works of Russian Itinerants: Repin, Perov, Surikovbut without the inherent tragedy and despair in the image of the people. On the contrary, his images inspire warm feelings and confidence.

The works of Michael Anchor of the early twentieth century is a new search and a way forward to impressionism. The color of his painting becomes much lighter the figure lighter and lighter. Some paintings have a particular riot smear in an attempt to "catch" the moment. Braginskii feast of artists-like-minded people inspired him to some truly "Parisian" works.

The last years of his life Michael Anker was devoted to the development Scienscope Museum. The artist died in the year of its opening in 1927.

Author: Lyudmila Lebedeva
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