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Constant
Troyion

France 
1810−1865
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Will I, Troyon (Troyon) constant, a French painter, a representative of the Barbizon school. Initially painted porcelain. Rapprochement with Trigonom Russo and J. Dupre, and a trip to Belgium and Holland (1847), where will I be met with the works of P. A. Potteri Cape, contributed to the appeal of the artist to a realistic image of mother nature. Working primarily in the vicinity of Fontainebleau and in Normandy (1852), will I be created a deeply democratic in descriptive structure, saturated with light and air landscapes, usually with a large animal figures in the foreground.

TROYON (:), CONSTANT (Troyon, Constant) (1810-1865), French painter, master of landscape close to the Barbizon school.

Born in Sevres 28 August 1810. He studied with D. D. Ricre, painter on porcelain and founder of the National Museum of ceramics in Paris. In his youth he painted the porcelain at the Sevres factory. Having free time with landscape, debuted as a landscape painter at the Salon of 1833. 've been friends with barbituratami (T. Russo, J. Dupre and others), but in General was sufficiently independent from them. In 1847 he made a trip to Holland and Belgium.

The early work of Troyon frankly retrospective and imitate Baroque art (Landscape with Tavium and the angel, 1841, the Museum Wallraf-Richartz-Ludwig, Cologne). The essential basis of his Mature style was, first and foremost, Dutch painting of the 17th century (primarily paintings Ya. van nasdala, P. Potter and A. Cape). He often painted scenes of animals, paying particular attention to the lighting effects, dynamically changing depending on the condition of the sky (Approaching storm, 1851, Government Museum of fine arts named after A. S. Pushkin, Moscow; the Return of the flock, 1856, Museum of fine arts, Reims; Departure to the market, 1859, the Hermitage, St. Petersburg). It is this light painting and became the most innovative element of the paintings of Troina, especially in the late "predispositions" the sketches, written on the shores of Normandy.

Troyon died in Paris on March 20, 1865.

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