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Simon de
Vliger

Netherlands 
1600−1653
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Worked from 1634 to 1640 in Delft, where he was received into the Guild of St. Luke, and then in Amsterdam. He's one of the first artists-marine painters of the Dutch school of painting and wrote like a storm and calm sea, the individual ships and entire fleets, and naval battles. Flieger masterfully conveys the reflection of sunlight on the sea surface. The creative heritage of Simon de Flieger extensively and stored in the art galleries of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Copenhagen, St. Petersburg, Vienna, Budapest, Dresden, Berlin, Schwerin, etc. veliger also created a number of landscape prints.

Dutch painter, etcher. Probably studied with Jan goyena. He was influenced by Jan Porcellis. Worked in Rotterdam (till 1634, and in 1642), Delft (1634-1638), Amsterdam (1638-1649) and Vespa (1650— 1653). He painted mostly seascapes, at least — genre scenes and portraits.

Creativity Vigera developed from several variegated color paintings (Ships in windy weather, 1624, St. Petersburg, State. The Hermitage) to a single tone color. The artist liked to portray the vast expanse under the high sky, celesoobrazno placing in the exposition sailing vessels with bright silhouettes against the water and light clouds. He was attracted by the rough sea, the scene of shipwrecks (the Stormy sea, Prague, NAT. gallery; storm at Sea with shipwreck, Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum; storm at Sea near the shore, the Dresden Art gallery; rough sea with sailing vessels, St. Petersburg, State. The Hermitage).

Later, after moving to Amsterdam, wiliger turned to another motif — the image of a calm sea in calm weather (Coastal, 1643, the Hague, Mauritshuis; Shore at Scheveningen, Cologne, Museum Wallraf-Richartz-Ludwig; Sea shore, Calm, both of St. Petersburg, GOS. The Hermitage). Marked by a fine sense of color, pattern Ligera full spatial depth, light and air. In the last period of creativity he worked on the creation of ceremonial paintings — scenes of Maritime celebrations, receptions and regattas. The old tradition of Dutch painting master gave a special Shine and festive elegance. Among his early works in this genre — the Arrival of Prince William of orange in Rotterdam (1642, St. Petersburg, State. The Hermitage). Meeting in the port of Rotterdam the future of the stadholder of Holland (1647) becomes a solemn demonstration of the famous national fleet. A bunch of ships decorated with flags and pennants, are effectively grouped together in the perspective of the road; sounds welcome gun salute.

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