The origins of this genre are oriental outline engravings. Lubok appeared in Europe in the 15th century, and in Russia in the 17th century. It gained popularity among peasants and city dwellers. Its authors were real masters of both epithets, illustration, and caricature. Vivid pictures with simple figures and simple, often humorous, captions are an example of the Russian folk artists’ product…
Modernism is a whole complex of changes and processes that took place in culture, art, literature, architecture in the second half of the 19th — the first half of the 20th century.
The so-called “aesthetic” movement arose in Great Britain in the middle of the 19th century to affect not only painting.
Art brut, or Outsider art
The term was coined by the French artist Jean Dubuffet for the works created by mentally ill people, the outsiders
Why was the Paris Salon so important, what were the Impressionists rebelling against, and where, besides France, were the academic talent pools?
The Italian artist rendered justice in her paintings
The paintings of Artemisia Gentileschi, an Italian artist of the 17th century, are full of drama. The artist herself experienced a tragedy: the Florentine artists Agostino Tassi, in whose workshop she studied, raped his young student. Artemisia filed lawsuit against him and experienced a humiliating public hearing, ending with a mild one-year jail sentence for Tassi. Disappointed, but not subdued, the artist rendered justice in her paintings: she depicted the main characters of her paintings Jael and Sisera and Judith Slaying Holofernes with Agostino Tassi's face.