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The history of sculpture as an art form began several thousand years ago. It is believed that the first statues and bas-reliefs that had a significant resemblance to the originals were created in ancient Egypt. The great artists and sculptors of that time never had any trouble carving figures of people or animals in accordance with the proportions; what is more, they reached true perfection in creating animalistic forms. Majestic statues, unique reliefs, depicting historical events or scenes from the life of the pharaohs are unique documents testifying to the way of life, customs and morals of a bygone civilization.

Other ancient peoples also graced humanity with magnificent sculptures created by talented sculptors: this art form was popular in ancient Greece, Rome, Mesopotamia, and India. Ancient Greek sculpture has left an indelible mark in history, influencing the further formation and development of the artistic skills of the peoples of the world, and still being of great interest to researchers and the public at large. The classical art of Greece inspired many great artists and sculptors to create real masterpieces of painting and architecture.

Outstanding masters of the past

To modern people, sculptures created by the geniuses of the Renaissance are of the greatest interest. Before its advent, this art form had gone through all the necessary stages of development: this process resulted in perfect works of art, the authors of which were primarily Italian sculptors.

The main trend in Renaissance sculpture was the desire to depict a human figure in accordance with ancient canons, observing the balance between the inner and outer beauty of the person depicted. The greatest success in this field was achieved by such great sculptors and painters of the past as Michelangelo Buonarroti who gave David and Pietà to the world, Donatello with his realistic and classical sculptures, and Benvenuto Cellini, whose works greatly influenced the development of Mannerism.

In the 19th – 20th centuries, antiquity was also of interest to the masters of sculpture: many of them turned to classical forms. However, at the same time, there was a desire for greater realism and natural plasticity. Numerous artistic movements that appeared at the turn of the century also had quite a significant impact on the development of sculpture: impressionism, cubism, abstraction and surrealism were manifested in the works of many masters. Social realism can be called the opposite of new trends in Russia: monumental sculptures, monuments and commemorative plaques.
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