He studied at St. Petersburg Academy of arts (1823-1827) M. N. Vorobiev. Travelled through the Caucasus (1829-1831), the Crimea (1833-1836). From 1837 he worked together with his brother. Landscape ("View of Tiflis", 1831, Russian Museum, Leningrad). In the most significant works – drawings, watercolors and sketches, as well as in the panorama of the banks of the Volga (1981 consisted of a sheet; pencil, pen, completed in 1851, Public library. M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, Leningrad), executed from life during a trip on the Volga, classic panoramic building combined with documentary precision the details and veracity of the observations. Educational in nature, permeated by the interest in mother nature, these works became one of the stages of formation in Russian painting of the national landscape. Died 23 Jan 1879y., in St. Petersburg.
brother Grigory Grigoryevich Chernetsov; inferior to him in ability and took mainly diligence and perseverance. He was born in Luhe, Kostroma province; Society for the encouragement of Artists brought it to your account at the Academy of fine Arts, where he studied in the class of M. Vorobyov. In 1827 he was honored with receiving the silver medal of the 1st advantages for landscape painting; in the same year for the gallery in the Imperial Hermitage was awarded a second gold medal and the title of the artist XIV class. In 1832 he received the title of academician for the "View of Tiflis", and in 1844 was awarded the title of painter to His Majesty. N. G. Chernetsov traveled a lot with his brother. From the mass of drawings executed during his journey with his brother in 1831-1840., has compiled four of the portfolio, which was acquired by the Academy of fine Arts. In 1844-1845 was the album "Palestine. Species, drawn from nature by academicians G. N. Chernozemye in 1842-1843 years." Publishing it in a big sheet of paper out of notebooks, all of which went four-and six drawings in the notebook. Each notebook attached explanatory text; cover very nicely illustrated. In 1844 on his return from Palestine, he received from the Academy reward of 1000 rubles. In 1846, Nicanor Chernetsov went to Italy, and the Academy decided to give him 1500 rubles. per year. Of the pictures painted by him, in his time was popular for the great care taken in finishing and faithfulness, "View of Iosafatovoj valley", "View of the Nile river in Cairo", "View of Gurzuf", "View of mount AI-Petri in Crimea, View of Alexandria." Some of these paintings are in the Imperial Academy of Arts; Russian Museum of Emperor Alexander III at the present time are the following paintings: "View of the city of Saratov at sunset", "the Ruins of the Church in Kutaisi" (Hall XIII).