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Francis Picabia (Francisco Maria della Torre Martinez Picabia, 22 January 1879, Paris, France — 30 Nov 1953, Paris, France) French avant-garde painter and poet, one of the most famous representatives of Dadaism, who was called the "Daddy of Dada". Picabia was born into a very wealthy family that allowed him a lifetime to travel, learn and enjoy a life of luxury without worrying about earnings. He studied painting at the National school of fine arts, then worked for several years in the Studio of his teacher Fernand Cormon. In the early years Picabia wrote mostly watercolors. His first solo exhibition was held in 1905 and brought the artist great popularity. In search of his own style, Picabia experimented with Fauvism, cubism and abstract painting. With the beginning of the First World war, he went from France — first to Barcelona, then to new York and to the Caribbean. In the United States for the first time, Picabia presents to the public their "mechanology". In the period when he absented himself to the Dadaists, the artist almost stopped painting and devoted himself to writing. During World war II Picabia had to lead a rather modest life, as the main source of income was the sale of paintings. Throughout his life the artist continued to experiment with painting styles.

Features of the artist Francis Picabiain the early twentieth century, he, like many other artists, was inspired by the ever-changing modern world and technological progress. Special influence on his work had machines and mechanisms. He later became one of the Central figures of the Dadaist movement. Picabia used the text in his paintings and collages. In the mid 20-ies the artist returned to figurative painting.

The famous painting by Francis Picabia: "The rare picture on the Earth", "The machine rotates quickly", "Hello".

Author: Eugene Sidelnikov
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Dadaism, or Dada, was a nihilistic avant-garde art movement that mainly showed itself in painting and literature. It originated in Switzerland during World War I, and  existed in the years 1916 to 1922. Later, the French Dada merged with surrealism
Surrealism (Fr. surréalisme) is an avant-garde art movement of the first half of the twentieth century characterized by the fusion of reality with something else, but not oppositional. Surrealism is a dream which is neither real, nor surreal. The style is characterized by allusions and a paradoxical combination of forms, visual deception. In the paintings of the Surrealists hard objects and rocks often melt, and the water, on the contrary, hardens. Read more
, and the German with expressionism
You can hardly tell the exact day or year of the birth of Expressionism, which is usual for all powerful art movements. You cannot draw a border on the map and indicate the territory where Expressionism took its start and got stronger. Overall, it’s all roughly known. Except for one rock-solid spatiotemporal benchmark: Northern Europe on the eve of the First World War. Expressionism is an avant-garde art movement, a new tragic worldview, and a whole set of significant motifs, symbols, and myths. Moreover, it is a revolutionary reaction both to the shabby, lifeless traditional academic art, and the light, idyllic southern impressionistic “appearance” of the world. Read more
. The style was a response to the atrocities of war, to the senseless killing of millions. The Dadaists viewed…
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Artworks by the artist
246 artworks total
Francis Picabia. Embarrassment
Francis Picabia. Ballerina on an ocean liner
Ballerina on an ocean liner
Francis Picabia. Building
Francis Picabia. Fish
Francis Picabia. Slope
Francis Picabia. Plot 25
Plot 25
Francis Picabia. Finesse
Francis Picabia. The intertwining trees
The intertwining trees
Francis Picabia. Plot 24
Plot 24
View 247 artworks by the artist