Jean Malouel (FR. Jean Malouel, gall. Jan Maelwael) (1370-1415) - artist of Dutch origin, one of the greatest masters of the Burgundian school.
In 1415 he died in Dijon, leaving a wife and four children. She returned to Nijmegen, where he continued to receive a pension from the Duke.
Jean Malouel was a Dutch artist, although French is sometimes considered as served the Duke of Burgundy , Philip the Bold in Dijon, and then Duke Jean the Fearless.
Jean Malouel (actually Ian Marvel) was the most important master of the Burgundian school.
He was born and lived in Nijmegen; he was probably trained in the workshop of his father, the painter Willem Maluelya (his uncle was also an artist), and recorded as a painter in 1382. He was uncle of the famous brothers of Limburgo, which he gave to the service of Philip the Bold around 1400.
Married Jean Malouel moved with his family to Paris, where he was spotted in 1396 Duke of Burgundy Philip the Bold (1363-1404), who in 1397 invited him to Dijon. Since that time the artist worked until the end of his days at the court of the Dukes of Burgundy. In 1405, shortly after the death of Philip, he returned to Nijmegen, married and returned to Dijon. According to the documents, he executed many decorative works and the tomb of Duke Philip the Bold (1410). On the orders of the Duke, he writes of the painting, five altarpieces for the monastery Anmol (1398), portrait of Jean the Fearless (1412). However, none of these works have not survived. The artist credited with the work of Burgundian origin, Dating from the same era
The most plausible attribution of a large Tondo "Lamentation" (Paris, Louvre), with the arms of Philip the Bold on the back; painting was created, probably around 1400, shortly after taking Maluelya office,as it still bears the imprint of the Sienese style that flourished in Paris in the late fourteenth century, and Parisian styling.
"Lamentation" Maluelya curious on your decision. The artist has joined in one composition, two well-known story: the "Lamentation" and "Trinity," depicting the "Lamentation" of God the Father and Saint. Spirit in the form of a Dove, thus freed not only from the traditional interpretation of the story, but also from the accepted form. Master brilliantly constructed composition in a specified format. The round shape of the boards used Mulualem, presumably, was an invention of the artist - at least, in pictures of Rondo, which appeared later, there is the influence of art Maluelya.
In 1415 he died in Dijon, leaving a wife and four children. She received a pension from the Duke and returned to Nijmegen