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Nikolay
Alekseevich Tyrsa

Russia 
1887−1942
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Tyrsa Nikolay Andreevich - Soviet graphic artist and painter. He studied in St. Petersburg Academy of arts (1905-09) and L. S. Bakst at school E. N. Zvantseva arts (1906-10). He taught at the Academy of arts in Petrograd (1918-22) and the Leningrad Institute of civil engineers (1924-1942). Release party posters "Fighting pencil" (1939-42).

The best illustration of Stipa (drawing, watercolor, lithograph) made in the manner of a quick sketch, creating the illusion of direct drawings from nature. Easel Stipa (mainly landscapes and still lifes) are characterised by decorativeness, richness of color nuances and combinations ("Bouquet and Vyatka toy", 1940, collection of the artist's family).

Tyrsa Nikolai Andreyevich (1887 - 1942)

Born in the village Aralik (Erivan province; now Aralık, Turkey) April 27 (may 9), 1887, in the family of an official of the surveyor. Studied in the Petersburg Academy of arts (1905-1909), as well as in school E. N. Zvantseva arts (1906-1910) L. S. Bakst, deeply learned "miriskusnicheskoy" tradition. He lived in Leningrad.

In pre-revolutionary years has won acclaim as a virtuoso of the picture. Reproductions of his full-scale drawings, laconic, slightly stylized in the spirit of modernity, was placed (along with drawings P. M. Miturich or L. A. Bruni) in the magazine "Apollo" on equal terms with the poetry of A. A. Akhmatova, N. With.Gumilev and M. A. Kuzmin, asked Acmeism is inherent in the pursuit of wise simplicity. Worked in various techniques of drawing, often turned to watercolor to printmaking. Loved drawing lamp soot, giving this material (which was usually used only in cases of extreme necessity, need) unprecedented artistry. In his works of the 1920-ies presents us with the crystallization typology of "quiet art" – with its everyday motifs family or Studio interiors, everyday still-lives, portraits of loved ones, familiar Stipa. N. Leningrad landscapes, enveloped, however, in a romantic mist.

Among the characteristic of his works is the Portrait of his daughter (1927), Leningrad. Catherine's channel (1931; both – in Tretyakov gallery); portrait of Anna Akhmatova (1928; Museum of fine arts named after as Pushkin, Moscow); Washing Blue bridge (1933), portrait of a young woman with a book (1936; both works are in the Russian Museum). Turned to oil painting, embodying in her chamber in the manner of symbolism and art Nouveau – the same spirit of the poetic and contemplative solitude (Black room, 1935, ibid.). Very successfully worked as artist books, bringing in massive, low-cost edition of the standards for high style. Illustrated, in particular, the siege of the Palace of V. A. Kaverin (1926), by L. Panteleev Republic of shkid (1927), the Queen of spades Pushkin (1936), Anna Karenina L. N. Tolstoy (1939). Dedicated to the protection of this art form special article Illustration and creativity (Literary contemporary, 1931, No. 1).

Worked as a teacher at the Free art workshops –higher art technical Institute (Vkhutein, 1918-1922) and the Institute of civil engineers (1924-1942).

Died Stipa in Vologda, on 10 February 1942.

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