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Jan van de
Capelle

Netherlands 
1626−1679
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CAPELLE, Jan van de (1626, Amsterdam — 1679, Amsterdam), was a Dutch painter. Inheriting from his father a large dye factory, was unlike most Dutch artists of the fairly wealthy. Studied painting for pleasure. Owned the largest collection of paintings and drawings, including Rembrandt, Hals, van Dyck and works by prominent Dutch marine painters. Formed on the basis of this meeting as a talented autodidact. Wrote sea, river and winter landscapes. In the early works, the Chapel feels strong influence of Simone de Ligera (View of the harbour, with mirroring water, 1649, Stockholm, the national gallery).

CAPELLE, Jan van de Cappelle, Jan van de

(1626, Amsterdam - 1679, ibid.)

The Dutch painter.

A Dyer by profession, Capelle studied painting and doing it as an Amateur, a dilettante. In 1653 he received the citizenship of Amsterdam; after 1663 do not know his dated works, this suggests that, like some other Dutch artists (Hobbema, van der NEER), he became engaged in the basic business. A friend of Rembrandt, who wrote his portraits Hals and Echuca, the Chapel was left after his death a huge collection, numbering 500 Rembrandt etchings, 900 paintings Avercamp, Porcellis 16 paintings, 10 paintings and over 400 drawings by van Goyen, as well as paintings and drawings by E. van de Velde, P. de Molina, Simone de Ligera (90 paintings and 1300 drawings made by Ligeron, and copies made by the Chapel), etc. This collection had a great influence on the early work of the artist.

The chapel was a marine painter, he was described as a "peaceful" sea landscape inspired by the paintings of Vigera and executed in silver-grey tones. Gradually his work gained greater individuality. He was wonderful to convey the interpenetration of air and water, their transparency in bad weather, the dynamism of the cloudy sky, filled with extraordinary lightness. His paintings are in bright, well - chosen colors-from dark gray to Golden. Especially admire his calm expanse of water with distinct tubercles lamb. Among all Dutch marine painters of the Chapel was certainly one of the most poetic and innovative - its quiet sea is the mystery, as poetic as that of Claude Lorrain, although it is achieved in other, more natural means. His work anticipated the art of Willem van de Velde the Younger.

In addition. The choir performed a number of winter landscapes (the best of them date back to 1653 - the Hague, Mauritshuis; Paris, the Netherlands Institute), close to the works of Jacob van rasdale. The artist's works are represented in London (NAT. Gal. 8 Marin), and in the museums of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, Cologne, Chicago, Toledo (Ohio) and the St. Petersburg GOS. The Hermitage.

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