Was born in the town of Bezhetsk in middle class family. Studied in Bezhetsky district school, then in high school in Tver. Without completing her course, returned to the City and here along with his brother, a painter, was engaged in writing of images. In 1824, working with his brother in St. Nicholas Terenskom center, met with Alexei Venezianov, which invited Alexei to study at your art school in the village Safonkovo. Upon graduation, Venetsianov satisfied Tyranova a volunteer at the Academy of fine arts. In 1839 he received the title of academician, and in September went to Rome. In Petersburg, he returned in 1842.
At the end of life being in extreme need, he moved to Kashin to his brother, where he died August 3, 1859.
An outstanding Russian portrait painter.
A. V. Tyranov - one of the most talented students Venetsianov A. V., portraitist and genre painter. Coming to an independent road, he could not resist fashion and various life temptations and became one of those Venetsianov called "lost people."
Tyranov was born to a poor middle class. In adolescence, wrote the icons. In 1824, his work saw the accident Venetsianov for "extraordinary ability" took to her school student. In venetsianovskoy the spirit says, "self-Portrait" (1825), "Two peasant women with krename (Weavers)" (1826) and only work Tyranova landscape "View on the river Tosna near the village of St. Nicholas" (1827), filled with sunlight, quiet and peaceful. Venetsianov achieved for Tyranova permission to visit OH as volnoprihodyaschego student placed it under the patronage of the society, took out a ticket with the right to visit the Hermitage and work there.
For interiors "a Perspective view of the Hermitage library" (1826) and "Interior view of the Grand Church of the Winter Palace" (1829), decided in accordance with venezianischem method, that is, all the rules of direct perspective and taking into account the lighting at certain times of the day, Tyranov received at first small, and then a gold medal.
His fame is growing. In 1832, OH, assigns him the title of class artist. In 1830-40s Tyranov - the most popular portrait artist in St. Petersburg, competing only with K. Briullov. According to a contemporary, exhibitions, "about his paintings was such a coincidence of the public that it was not possible to pass by." Among his models - the writer I. I. Lazhechnikov, journalist by P. A. Pletnev, artist Aivazovsky.
In 1836 Tyranov is apprenticed to K. Brullov and enjoys his manner. He is committed to the brilliance and virtuosity vypisnoy parts, increasingly losing the sincerity and the immediacy of a living perception ("Portrait of A. N. Dubelt", 1839; "portrait of an unknown woman in a purple shawl", "Portrait of E. P. Kovriginoj", both in the 1830s). In 1839-43 G. Tyranov as a pensioner AH worked in Italy.
Madly in love with one of his Nudes, he brought her to Petersburg. Apparently, this passion and killed the artist. A year later, stripped and abandoned lover, the artist was in the hospital. To recover from this blow of fate, he could not. His later works - "the Italian" (C. 1851), "the Struggle for the soul (angel, trampling the evil spirit). Allegory" (1850-e) - lifeless and deliberately academic. In 1859, seriously ill with tuberculosis, Tyranov goes to his brother in Kashin, to die there.