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Charles-Francois
Daubigny
France 
1817−1878
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At the beginning of the biography Daubigny was a move to Italy. He then studied in Paris with Paul Delaroche. Despite the fact that it relates to the Barbizon school Charles-Francois never lived in Barbizon.

Last 30 years he spent mostly in a houseboat on the rivers Seine, Oise. The most famous work of the artist just portrayed the shore, the expanse of these rivers. Daubigny extremely successfully could transmit the atmosphere of dawn, twilight, moonlight. Recent work in the biography of Charles-françois Daubigny printed in a large size. Monet and Will was very attentive to his paintings.

French painter-a landscape painter, graphic artist and representative of the Barbizon school. Studied with his father, artist E. F. Daubigny, and then under P. Delaroche. He was influenced by Rembrandt. In the Louvre copying paintings by the Dutch masters, particularly attracted his works of J. rasdale and Hobbema. In 1835-1836 Daubigny visited Italy, and in 1866 went to Holland, UK and Spain. But these trips are almost not reflected in the artist, almost all his work was dedicated to the French landscapes. Numerous drawings in the heritage master indicate that he wrote a lot from nature. In 1840 he worked in the technique of etching. Daubigny's early works made in the classical traditions, but with time the painter is drawn to realistic landscape. This trend is indicated by the painting "the Harvest" (Louvre, Paris), exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1852 Embellished decorative landscapes in the early works of the artist are replaced by a simple and modest village landscapes created as a result of hard work on location.

 

The solemn scenes of nature Daubigny at the same time lyrical and intimate, the artist seeks to convey the freshness and fragrance of grass and green foliage, the beauty of rivers and lakes ("Lake in Opava", 1855, Museum of fine arts and ceramics, Rouen; "the Town on the Seine", 1874, the State art Museum im. A. N. Radishchev, Saratov). Exquisite and the artist's palette gives amazing charm to the paintings of the French nature. From the second generation of artists-the Barbizon school, Daubigny was created poetic works, the similar painting Corot, considered a great master of "landscape of mood". Many of his beautiful landscapes of the chamber, wherein a thin and fresh color, painted from life. Trying to get closer to nature, Daubigny built a boat-Studio, which floated on the Oise and Seine. As a result of these trips originated a lot of sketches, including one of the best — "Village on the banks of the Oise" (1868, Pushkin Museum, Moscow). Great attention pays Daubigny colours of his paintings. Think fresh and sonorous paints and painted canvases, the artist has taken from nature. The palette of the painter lighter than other representatives of the Barbizon school, for example, landscape "Morning" (1858, Pushkin Museum, Moscow), written in soft pink and blue tones giving the image of water and sky look amazingly living reality. Surpassed the rest of the Barbizon school Daubigny and his ability to perfectly convey the play of light and shadow. The most important visual tool for a painter is not the clarity of the figure and careful detail, namely, color, colorful subtlest gradations. It brought the young artist generation of the Impressionists, Daubigny who, in 1868, helped to organize the exhibition of their works.

 

In the late 1860s, Daubigny painting style changes somewhat, the artist tries to make their pictures greater and more monumental, but they are still convincing and deeply lyrically convey the charm of nature. Full of harsh grandeur of the landscape "Tide in Normandy" (1869, the State art Museum im. A. N. Radishchev, Saratov). With amazing accuracy reports Daubigny original beauty of the Northern coast of France. Dark rocky beach and a gloomy sky covered with leaden clouds, clearly separated passing between them a bright, shimmering band of the sea. Realistic, full of life the painting is permeated with the romantic sublime feeling. Admiration before the majestic beauty of nature is marked and beautiful landscape "Beach at Villerville" (1875, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg). Wonderful art Daubigny suggests that the artist loved and knew the outdoors. Its harmonious and poetic works introduce the viewer to the sea, rivers, plains, French villages, orchards and vineyards. Imbued with the spirit of romanticism, the painting Daubigny at the same time realistic and objective.

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