German painter, representative of the late academic romanticism. He studied at the Academy in Munich (from 1840) South Snorre von Carolsfeld; taught there (1856 — Professor, from 1874 he was a Director). Teacher of many German and foreign artists. Wrote a huge, overwrought songs (mostly about history), often paying tribute to the salon effects ("Seni before the corpse of Wallenstein", 1855, New Pinakothek, Munich; "the Death of Alexander in Babylon", 1886, national gallery, Berlin).
Piloty began as the artist-genre painter and is considered one of the most significant representatives of the realist historical painting, characterized by the detailed accuracy of the historical scenes and clothing. In 1874 Piloty was appointed Director of the Munich Academy of fine arts. He was an ambitious teacher: his students are Franz von Lenbach, Franz Defregger, Rudolf EPP and Hans Makart, Wilhelm Leibl, Gabriel von Max, Georgios Jakobides, Rudolf von Seitz, and Eduard von Gruetzner.
Monumental work of Piloty "Allegory Monachia" available to the public from 20 September 2004 at the Great hall of Munich’s New town hall and for its size 15,30×4,60 m is the largest painting of Bavaria. It depicts 128 people from the history of the city of Munich. The first picture was presented on 21 July 1879 in the Munich town hall, but in 1952 was transferred to the vault. Its restoration began in 2000 and lasted 4 years and cost about half a million euros.
Artists was the father of Karl Theodor von Piloty Ferdinand Piloty the Elder (1786−1844) and his brother Ferdinand von Piloty the Younger (1828−1895). Ferdinand von Piloty the Younger wrote a monumental frescoes for the Bavarian national Museum, Munich Maximilianeum, town hall of Landsberg am Lech and Neuchwanstein.