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Giuseppe
Bonito

Italia 
1707−1789
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Studied with Francesco's Solimena in a private Academy in Naples. Solimena was a recognized artist, court painter to the monarch of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies Carlo III. But Bonito soon began to play a significant role at the court of the Spanish Bourbons, executed the orders of the representatives of the Bavarian and Russian yards. From Francesco solimena of Giuseppe Bonito inherited the fascination with the transfer of complex foreshortening of the figures, dynamic strokes. Since 1755 Bonito headed created by Carlo III the Academy of fine arts in Naples, was a member of the Roman Academy of St. Luke, directed the activities of a carpet manufactory in Naples.

Italian painter, master of the Neapolitan school. F. studied at the Accademia Salimeni Solimenesca, as it was called created a private Academy in Naples. Solimena was a recognized artist, court painter to the monarch of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies Carlos III. But Bonito soon began to play a significant role at the court of the Spanish Bourbons, executed the orders of the representatives of the Bavarian and Russian yards. In 1755 he was created headed by Carlos III the Academy of fine arts in Naples, was a member of the Roman Academy of St. Luke directed the activities of a carpet manufactory in Naples. Contemporaries always noted a special flavor of life in the South of Italy, which was dominated by poverty and misery. On their background looked especially contrasting the luxury of the Royal court of the Bourbons, a noble knight and full of life wealth of the burghers — people of the new class engaged in Commerce. The life of the latter began to display his canvases Bonito, experienced during a brief time in Rome influenced by the paintings of the Dutch italianists. He depicted the receptions, masquerades (Carnival, Moscow, GOS. Museum of fine arts. A. S. Pushkin), concerts, everyday scenes (Swoon, Distribution of cherry trees, both — Bari, Museum of Art), endowed the characters with a sharp specificity. Bonito was known as the Creator of the altar of images, such as the Consecration of the temple of Solomon in the Church of Santa Clara or Mercy in the Church of Monte di pietà in Naples. F. Solimene he inherited the passion for the transfer of complex foreshortening of the figures, dynamic strokes. He created a type of allegorical images (Music, Painting, Poetry, 1763, private collection) meet the intellectual spirit of the age of Enlightenment. It was a totally new, secular interpretation of the allegory presented in the form of portrait images with elements of genre painting. The members of the families in these pictures combined in any activity (playing music, reading, painting), embodying one form of art. Bonito also worked in the portrait genre, created scenery for plays (don Quixote). John. Bonito played a significant role in the promotion of Italian painting of the age of Enlightenment to the verismo of the nineteenth century.

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