Born in 1824, in the mountains. Orenburg, in the family of the taxable estate. In 1841, thanks to the V. A. Perovski, a former Governor-General of Orenburg region, Chernyshev was able to go to St. Petersburg to enter the Academy of arts. In 1853, he, as court painter, was sent abroad pensioner of the Academy. In Petersburg, he returned in 1860, very sick, so that almost never worked. The disease has had a devastating effect on his creative activity. In the winter of 1862, Chernyshev was placed in a psychiatric hospital Stein, where he died 7 may, 1863 of softening of the brain.
son Orenburg tradesman, a child practicing in painting under the guidance of first old painter, and then one of their relatives. Head of the Orenburg region V. A. Perovsky , drawing attention to the 17-year-old boy, sent him in 1841 in St. Petersburg and helped him to enter the Academy of Arts pensioner society for the encouragement of artists. The Academy Chernyshev was a pupil of Professor M. N. Vorobyov and initially studied landscape, but then turned to the image of everyday scenes. Since 1848 the development of his talent quickly moved forward after receiving this year's silver medal for "View in Finland," he a year after he was awarded a large medal of the same for the "Home scene from the Finnish vernacular life", and a year later awarded a small gold medal for the painting "Farewell departing officer and his family" and finally, in 1851, graduated from the Academy with the title of class artist and the great gold medal, awarded to him for writing the program picture: "the betrothal". All these works, as well as the painting "organ-Grinder", located on the academic exhibition in 1852 (now at the Moscow public Museum), and especially entertaining, brisk graceful drawings Chernyshev, vykazyvanie his mind and fine powers of observation and radiating in a large number of albums of the Highest persons and art lovers (they acquired him the title of court painter with a salary of 600 rubles a year), allowed to expect from him in the future works even more workshops. Sadly, these expectations are not met. As the pet of the Academy, awarded a large gold medal, the latter in 1853 went for further improvement to Italy with the content from the government and settled in Rome. Here he continued to work, but not with the same assiduity and success. The reason for that is the beginning befell him a grievous illness - softening of the brain. Having been depressed by hypochondria, impaired vision and rheumatic pains, he sought healing in Vienna, in the North of France and in Switzerland, but in vain: the disease is inexorably undermined his nature, and however killed him with talent. Executed in foreign lands paintings Chernyshev, "Roman pifferari before Madonna" (located in the Moscow public Museum), "Attack of the Italian bandits on a stagecoach," "the Fish market in Brittany' and others were much weaker than his previous works. Even though the Academy, on his return in 1860 from abroad, it was built for them in the title of academician. After that, he increasingly lost the ability to work, and gradually dying away, was finally placed in the St. Petersburg institution for the mentally ill Stein, where he died.