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Vladislav Maximilianovich Strzeminski

Vladislav
Maximilianovich Strzeminski

Poland 
1893−1953
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In the period from 1911 to 1914 he studied at the Military engineering school in St. Petersburg. After the October revolution in 1918 — 1920 years he headed the Department of art in the people's Commissariat of education. In 1922, together with his wife, sculptor Katarzyna Kobro, moved from the USSR to Poland. The 1950s was the order of the Minister of culture suspended from teaching for non-conformity to the dogmas of socialist realism.

Russian-Polish avant-garde painter, theoretician of unism in abstract art. In the period from 1911 to 1914. V. Strzeminski studied at the Military engineering school of St. Petersburg. In 1918 — 1920 was head of the art Department in the people's Commissariat of education of the RSFSR and simultaneously taught at the Free Art studios.

 

In 1922, together with his wife, sculptor Katarzyna Kobro, moved from the USSR to Poland. In 1924 V. Struminskii and Cobra take part in the Warsaw avant-garde group Blok, who published the eponymous journal. In it the artist first outlined his thoughts on the topic of creating a new avant-garde currents "unism", finalized in published in 1928 the book "Unism in painting".

 

In 1950 was the order of the Minister of culture suspended from teaching for non-conformity to the dogmas of socialist realism. Unism, according to Strzeminski, was a further development of Suprematism and required when creating paintings waiver of the plurality of shapes of the image, in order to preserve its unity. The multiplicity of forms, as did the artist "breaks" the unity of the painting. Instead of the organic unity of the composition thus forms a mechanical conglomerate nestykuemogo between objects. Still, the iridescence of their works V. Struminskii changes in 30-ies at the bright monotony of the image.

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