Andrea del Verrocchio majored in sculpture, but occasionally turned to painting. He raised such geniuses of the Renaissance as Leonardo, Pietro Perugino and Sandro Botticelli. Verrocchio was known as a consummate decorator and Director of court festivals. The artist was born and worked for a long time in Florence. In 1465 he created the tomb of Cosimo de ' Medici, in 1487 1463 worked on the sculptural composition "the Conviction of Thomas", in 1476, created the statue of David. In 1482, Verrocchio went to Venice to work on the equestrian statue of condottiere Bartolomeo Colleoni. The artist died there in 1488, not finish the statue.
Italian sculptor, painter and jeweler of the Early Renaissance. In fact, Andrea di Michele Choni (Andrea di Michele Cioni). He was born in Florence. He studied at the jeweler Verrocchio (whose name I inherited), A. Baldovinetti, and other artists who was influenced by Desiderio da Settignano and A. pollaiuolo. The demand for jewelry has prompted Andrea del Verokko to refer to the decorative carving (one of the first works of the artist in this field — the decoration of the chapel of the Cathedral in Orvieto in 1461) and tempera painting.
In 1465 Andrea del Verrocchio created the tomb of Cosimo de ' Medici, from the mid-1460-ies worked on the sculptural composition "the Conviction of Thomas". With 1467 Verrocchio executed the orders of the Medici, rulers of Florence. In the works of Verrocchio realistic tendencies that developed in the Florentine school of the 15th century, combined with aristocratic elegance and exquisite decorative forms, anatomical precision and meticulous shading are sharp and graceful angular lines. Verrocchio is the author of tombstones (Giovanni and Piero de 'Medici, bronze, colored marble, porphyry, 1412, Old sacristy, Church of San Lorenzo, Florence), statues ("David", bronze, 1473−1475, national Museum, Florence), the equestrian monument (monument to the condottiere Colleoni B., on the square of Santi Giovanni e Paolo in Venice, bronze, 1479−1488, cast in 1490), accurate characterization of sculptural portraits (bust of Giuliano de' Medici, terracotta, national gallery of art, Washington). The few paintings of Verrocchio differ in the sharpness and precision of drawing, the sculptural modelling of forms ("Madonna", circa 1470, Picture gallery, Berlin-Dahlem). Verrocchio was the teacher of many Italian artists — Leonardo da Vinci, Perugino and others.
In 1476 Andrea del Verrocchio created the statue of David. This elegant bronze statue is the symbol of humanistic Renaissance culture. It was designed for the Villa Medici, but in 1576, Lorenzo and Giuliano gave her the Palace of the Signoria in Florence.
One of the students in the workshop Verocchio was a young Leonardo da Vinci. Although Verrocchio, may be entrusted the young Leonardo to paint some minor details and in the earlier his work, still probably it is in the "Baptism of Christ" for the first time he allowed Leonardo to paint all the figure. Small, dressed in blue angel, in essence, told Florence about the birth of the genius of Italian art, and, perhaps, in the history of mankind.
In 1482, Verrocchio went to Venice to work on the equestrian statue of condottiere Bartolomeo Colleoni. The artist died there in 1488, not finish sculpted work.